homework and time management statistics

Time management statistics everyone should know in 2023 (and beyond)

Time management tips illustration

How many times have you wished for a day to last longer?

If you often find yourself in a situation where there simply is no time to perform tasks, don't worry — time management is both the problem and the solution.

Did you know that a whopping 82% of people don't have a dedicated time management system? We believe it's a waste of great potential.

However, improving time management is a long-term goal as it includes a wide and complex range of skills in several phases.

As every person is unique, the actual adaptation period can significantly vary — but bear in mind that every skill can be learned . Once you commit, the advantages are too obvious to stop working on it.

That's why we've compiled the ultimate list of time management statistics — to help you understand the impact of time management on your personal and professional life , and achieve a balance between the two.

General and global statistics of time management

"" They always say time changes things, but you actually have to change them yourself. ” — Andy Warhol

This segment will introduce you to the topic and point out what's relevant for time management on a global scale. After all, one's habits are the foundation of time management — so let's get some perspective.

So, why should anyone devote their attention to time management ? According to statistics on the subject, some of the core benefits of being a good time manager are:

Statistics about time management and the Internet

The World Wide Web can be an amazing resource for improvement and learning.

However, we've all encountered wasting too much time browsing, streaming, or scrolling through our social media feeds, right?

Without a proper time management system, it's getting harder to avoid various distractions by the day.

That's mostly due to technological advances .

More specifically, the 2 factors that enable being online at all times, thus leading to us being more easily distracted are:

The average daily time a person spends online is close to 7 hours

The latest data points to a stunning 62.5% of the world's population being regular internet users. That's 4.95 billion people whose habits are, no doubt, altered by the fact.

The same research shows the adoption rates have skyrocketed as the remote work model continues being on the rise — in 2022, Y-o-Y growth was estimated at 4%. In other words, there were 192 million internet users more than in 2021.

Just by looking at the numbers it seems like being in control of our own schedule and priorities and improving time management skills is challenging. However, most people claim they feel more productive if they manage their own time and workload.

One of the statistics about time management from the same report reveals the average time a person spends online is 6 hours and 58 minutes .

The penetration rate of internet users is the highest in Northern Europe — a whopping 98%, while it's lowest in Middle Africa — only 24%.

Check out the top 10 list of territories with the highest penetration rate.

Fun fact — the number of social media users is 4.62 billion, meaning that 93.4% of internet users have a profile on at least one social network.

While having many benefits, such platforms can be a significant source of distraction, so we suggest muting your notifications while working to avoid large chunks of time spent procrastinating.

Internet users spend 223 minutes per day online on their smartphones

Let's mention another prevailing source of distraction — our smartphones. The device has evolved as our screens have become larger and our internet connection better.

The report we've mentioned above also reveals — a stunning 92.1% of internet users are regularly online on their mobile devices.

The explanation is simple — smartphones and tablets are practical when we're on the go. The thing is, most of us don't use them only for relevant matters — nor only on the go.

So the average daily time people spend online on their mobile devices is 3 hours and 43 minutes .

Moreover, the average mobile connection speed reported was 69.92% for download and 14.01% for upload.

Before such high-speed connections, internet use was limited to the essentials, such as finding a phone number, an address, or checking our inbox. But now, when we can effortlessly stream our favorite TV shows on Netflix, it's become fairly easy to lose sight of our priorities.

Only 30% of internet users list business-related research among primary reasons of use

The data on primary reasons people use the Internet tells us a lot about intent, common behavior, and thus habits of internet users.

The list from the 2022 Digital Global Report goes into more detail on the reasons for internet use.

As you can see above, time management statistics regarding our virtual presence point to education, business, and organization purposes, all being on the low end of the list. Ouch!

Moreover, you can also notice that not too many of the major reasons are considered productive.

What matters the most in time management?

In order to identify inefficiency and get the most out of your day, you must determine your priorities .

Writing everything down is a simple solution and a significant starting point, sure.

But, only a proper system, including regular time audits, has the potential to bring your time management skills to the next level.

Let's see how many people bother to do that.

A dedicated Time Management System (TMS) — only 18% of people report having one

According to research by Development Academy , a staggering 82% of people don't use any time management system.

Bear in mind that a simple to-do or a to-don't list is not a proper system due to the lack of complexity and prioritization of tasks.

Still, 33% reported relying on simple to-do lists to manage their work.

Furthermore, 25% said they simply first deal with what feels most important, while 24% rely on their email inboxes to manage their priorities and, in accordance, their time.

Writing a schedule in a diary or a planner is what around 12% reported doing — and this does count as a TM system.

Time management statistics also reveal that the remaining 6% use specific methods, mentioned by their popularity, in the declining order:

According to the rest of their answers, the Eisenhower matrix was the most successful one.

Time audits — only 20% of people conduct them

To put it simply, a time audit refers to a process of tracking what you've done in a specific period of time.

It's the first step in developing and mastering time management skills .

Once you're able to identify how long it takes you to perform a task, it becomes much easier to understand your pace and plan your schedule in advance.

However, time tracking statistics indicate that 49% of people never carried out a time audit.

The other 31% said they do it occasionally, while only 20% do so regularly.

Time audits will also help you understand your behavior patterns, find your biological prime time, and make precise time‌ estimates at work .

Time audits start with tracking time, so a solution such as Clockify can help you conduct audits, but also become more accountable and improve your daily routine.

You'll be able to easily:

Proper sleep — an average person in the US sleeps less than 7 hours a day

Many aspects of time management are directly related to overall cultural differences, including the very perception of time .

However, one thing is evident, regardless of those different perceptions of time — the connection between getting enough sleep and happiness. It is proven in numerous studies, and the experts suggest that adults should sleep between 7 and 9 hours .

This is an important aspect of time management, and the vital conclusion is — getting a good night's sleep can make a huge difference .

Additionally, there's a correlation between feeling happy and getting enough sleep . The explanation is simple — people who are happy are less likely to indulge in mind-wandering activities (especially when they go to bed), and are more likely to be productive.

According to research by Sleep Score Labs , people in Finland get the most sleep per night — 7 hours and 6 minutes. Consequently, they also have the highest Happiness Score — 7.8 out of 8.

In contrast, with a score of only 5.9, people in Japan sleep considerably less — 6 hours and 23 minutes.

The US is somewhere in between, so there's definitely room for improvement. The average time is 6 hours and 47 minutes per night and a score of 6.9.

Statistics on time management at work

When it comes to business, the saying " Time is money " can be applied at all times. Therefore, productivity and adequate task prioritization are arguably the key aspects of success.

Moreover, business owners who leverage the power of team time management apps have higher:

Now let's walk a mile each in both employee's shoes and employer's — by observing statistics on time management at work.

Time management statistics for employees

" All we have to decide is what to do with the time that is given us. " — J.R.R. Tolkien

There are many things that individual employees can do to improve their daily effectiveness at work.

However, you can already conclude from the data above that's often not the case.

The data below indicates that it's a type of decision that no one can really force on anybody else.

Office-based employees spend 2 hours per day browsing through their email inbox

Independent reports study conducted in the UK examined the habits of 2,000 office workers and found that the time wasted on emails equals 30 working days per year .

That's a whole month of unproductive behavior, easily explained by the average of 2 hours per day spent browsing through the inbox.

Approximately half of that time is spent on:

Interestingly, more than half (54%) admitted they often lose focus because they check their emails too often — but at the same time, they can't stop. That's the case with habits in general, even for those that were not intentionally developed.

Supporting the claim, McKinsey analysis also suggests that the average worker spends 28% of their time reading and answering emails.

Apart from email, poor time management statistics point to 2 other common issues that negatively affect this set of skills:

People who properly manage their valuable time won't allocate any of it to being confused if a team member can help.

Furthermore, that says a lot about the personality type, as ambitious people always want to learn how to do something, especially if it's relevant to their role at work.

26% of work ends up being done outside of office hours

Bringing work home or staying after hours is a common problem that affects one's mental health and leads to burnout .

Not only that, but it can also trigger further complications in other life aspects, such as:

So arguably, the whole point of perfecting time management is to achieve the ideal work-life balance .

It's difficult to imagine a world where the average workload is so unrealistic that over a quarter (26%) of it needs to be done outside of work hours.

Results from the time management report mentioned in a Forbes article provide the explanation as well — on average, employees spend 21% of their work hours on:

When you add procrastination between tasks, inefficient multitasking , and other factors of poor time management into the equation, the math seems right.

Chatty coworkers are the most common distraction at work

Chatting with colleagues is a common reason for procrastination at work — and the survey results found on Statista show that 80% of workers agree about this.

Another reason is office noise, closely followed by changes at work. Meetings and social media complete the top 5 list.

Needless to say, people with great time management skills are more responsible and won't make room for (at least some of) the mentioned distractions.

In the US, the average time at work per year is 1,791 hours

Due to various cultural, geopolitical, and economic factors, different regions have different standards of what counts as a regular workload per week.

For this reason, the number of hours people work varies by country and is the lowest in Germany — 1,349 hours per year, or 25.9 hours per week on average.

Some other countries with working weeks on the lower end are:

On the other hand, the one with the highest average is Turkey with a worrying amount of 2,288 hours. The US is somewhere in between, with an average of 1,791 hours.

As you can see, developing time management skills depends on the region as well, as cultural values and the very perception of time differ. As a consequence, the approach to tracking time differs as well — Western cultures tend to do so by the clock, while Eastern focus on events and are more concerned with the context.

So, two people with the exact same time management skills will be perceived differently in different parts of the world.

79% of employees don't feel engaged at work

Now let's check out how negative emotions (such as anger, sadness, worry, and stress) impact our work, according to Gallup's annual global report .

79% of workers reported they were either actively disengaged or not engaged enough at work, so productivity levels dropped significantly.

It is estimated that this low engagement costs the global economy $7.8 trillion, or around 11% of the Gross Domestic Product.

Workplace culture surely matters here, but it's also up to employees to be proactive and start measuring their productivity and efficiency .

44% of employees feel stress on a daily basis

Stress is one of the most common consequences of poor time management.

As the deadline gets closer, anxiety levels increase, especially for those who don't have an exact plan.

The previously mentioned Gallup's report also shows some eye-opening statistics about time management and stress — 44% of workers said they are trying to cope with stress daily, which is an all-time high.

Here's what else employees worldwide report feeling on a daily basis:

The formulation of the question makes these numbers even more problematic, as everyone was asked if they'd experienced said feelings "a lot."

Time management statistics for business owners

With great power comes great responsibility — and business owners are well aware of this fact. Creating a positive, goal-oriented environment that will encourage other employees to thrive is not easy.

Every decision a leader makes ought to align with the uniquely crafted company values, as it will affect team connectivity and each employee.

Luckily for business owners, there are various solutions available to help them establish certain time management standards within the company.

Here's to name a few of those solutions:

Leaders work on close to 80% of weekends

Have you heard the saying there's no rest for the wicked? Evidently, it applies to the wicked and CEOs.

According to the results from one study , leaders spend 9.7 hours (on average) working on weekdays and 62.5 hours total per week.

The number implies they also work on weekends, which was the case for 79% of participants.

Moreover, the percentage of those who also work during their vacation days is almost as high — 70%.

According to the stats, CEOs attend 37 business meetings per week on average, which consume about 72% of their time.

Here's what they reported about the usual length of meetings:

87% of US employees who are offered flexible work gladly embrace the opportunity

A fixed schedule may be beneficial, but not for everyone. For example, many people with young children find the 9-to-5 schedule problematic and prefer starting earlier.

That's why close to 90% of US employees who were given the option of flexible work took their employers up on that offer, according to the latest McKinsey report .

There is an abundance of benefits that come with flexible working hours and because of that the increasing number of employees expect at least some level of flexibility at work.

It's no wonder, especially if we take into account the availability of time management apps that can help both employers and employees get and stay organized.

As a matter of fact, an article published in Entrepreneur mentions several additional studies that all suggest " The days of nine to five, Monday to Friday work schedules are numbered. "

Collab tools are the most important aspect of flexible work for 36.77% of companies

A recent report by PwC examined what matters the most for flexible and remote work environments. Some things related to workforce management may be difficult to achieve when coworkers are not in the office, perhaps not even in the same time zone .

Luckily we're living in the digital age.

Besides, connecting via virtual channels reduces several distractions — such as office noise and chatting with colleagues.

The top spot for future investments in this segment went to connection tools (46.42%). We're talking about videoconferencing and chat tools such as Skype or Zoom, aside from email.

The second most important category (36.77%) was content collaboration tools such as Slack, Trello, Pumble , Teams, etc.

The exact same percentage (36.77%) reported no need for future investments because they already have and use those tools.

For 44% of organizations, lack of funds is the biggest obstacle in tracking productivity

Tracking your productivity levels helps you find segments of the day when you can be fully focused.

Organizations that systematically measure and analyze this segment have a better understanding of their internal operation, which results in better use of their potential.

Other stats from the PwC report we've mentioned above show financial matters are the biggest obstacle in tracking productivity, in this case, for 44%.

Other relevant obstacles were:

Organizations valued over $5 billion track their productivity more often

We've already mentioned that successful people share many values and habits, so it's not surprising that successful organizations use the same practices as well.

In this case, what they have in common is being on top of the latest trends, meaning they are always eager to improve.

When it comes to the frequency of productivity audits, 11% of organizations whose value doesn't exceed $5 billion report conducting them on an hourly basis, measuring the productivity of a specific task.

Confirming the direct relation of time management and success, the same PwC report indicates 25% of organizations valued at over $5 billion conduct hourly tracking.

Multiple follow-up studies revealed another supporting claim — 75% of poorly performing employees who took specific actions (over the course of 6 months or less) rose to acceptable levels, or even higher.

That's the power of proper time and productivity management.

71% of US companies report embracing agile ways of working

Agile working practices are complex and highly dependent on the industry — even a specific organization — but essentially refer to flexibility.

The method differs from the traditional one in the sense that it's not a linear process, but rather a loop of regular evaluations and adjustments. The possibility of remote work, for example, is one of the aspects of agile project management .

In the US, 71% of organizations have adopted this method, according to the Capterra report.

Statistics on time management for students

" Better three hours too soon than one minute too late. " — William Shakespeare

Effective time management matters in every stage of life, but it's especially relevant during high school and college.

Teenagers and young adults are still developing habits, so it's easier for them to learn.

Moreover, their approach to organization and structure has a major impact on their overall growth and self-image . The discipline results in more leisure time and makes the academic experience less stressful.

Furthermore, it also strengthens their values and helps them adapt to the responsibilities once they start working.

Statistics on students' time management skills

Despite being objectively easier for students to adopt habits, socialization and other fun activities can often be their priority during this period.

However, those who learn to effectively manage their schedule and responsibilities from an early age actually have more time for themselves.

Moreover, the lack of stress contributes to that time being of higher quality.

54% of college students think better organizational skills would improve their performance

It's proven that organizational skills are of utmost importance for various aspects of life — especially when it comes to academic studies and later careers.

However, college student time management statistics show that 47% believe that the level of education on the topic is insufficient .

Despite being digital natives, 48% of those with a system manage their tasks by writing them down by hand.

More than half, 54% exactly, said their grades and overall performance would be better if they had better organizational skills.

88% of college students wish to improve their time management skills

Following the data from the previous statistics, once students get to experience higher-level academic requirements, too many end up feeling inadequate.

88% report wanting to improve their time management and organizational skills. After all, only 21.7% said they use database software for organizing their assignments, while another 23% just memorize the to-do list in their head.

Their values are often based on failure and success binary opposition — however, as we've mentioned, that fear of failure often results in procrastination .

Statistics on student procrastination

As we've seen earlier, the topic of procrastination is closely connected to time management skills.

When a task has an allocated time slot within a day, people are more likely to finish it — to avoid disrupting their schedules.

Academic procrastination is the subcategory specifically relevant for students. This phenomenon is defined as the delay in starting or finalizing an academic assignment, and it goes hand in hand with academic burnout .

The majority of students struggle with procrastination

Even though different studies point to different percentages, one thing is for sure — most college students procrastinate.

The lowest percentage of students who procrastinate (mentioned in a study by Rozental and Carlbring from 2014 ) was around 50%, while the highest ( Steel, 2007) went up to a whopping 95%.

There are several possible explanations for such a large gap in the percentage of students who procrastinate. It may simply be that different target groups had different habits.

However, it may also be that the lower percentage had something to do with the fact that one research was conducted 7 years later.

So, another logical conclusion would be that technological advancements made the academic experience easier, in a way.

Here's to name a few contributing factors that help ease the experience:

Interestingly, one of the more recent studies indicates that the percentage of academic procrastinators is somewhere between the two aforementioned. The results point to 70-75% of students having the tendency to postpone their academic tasks and activities.

Now let's see why the tendency occurs.

Supported by an abundance of research and studies, time management in college statistics point to the fear of failure as the primary reason for academic procrastination .

Some of the main indicators that are often cited are:

Developing time management skills can thus drastically boost one's potential to succeed in their academic life. Moreover, as you can conclude from the negative aspects we've mentioned, it's not only about academic life but rather the structure that builds confidence and a positive self-image.

58% of students submit the assignments within the last 24 hours of the deadline

Here, it seems appropriate to mention the saying: " Deadline is the best motivation. "

Regardless of how the students had used the time in between, when given a full week to complete a task, 58% submitted it on the last day .

It's all about self-regulation.

Further analysis of the results showed that the procrastinators also had significantly lower scores .

Those results show that 76% of students who submitted their assignments early got higher scores (A or B). On the other hand, this was the case for only 60% of the procrastinators.

There are several reasons why early submitters have higher performance:

Recognition is the best motivation for overcoming procrastination

So, what's the solution to procrastination?

This can vary depending on the type of motivation that a certain personality type values more — intrinsic or extrinsic.

Procrastination statistics from a recent study on motivational factors indicate that receiving recognition — a traditionally extrinsic motivator — was ranked at the top for 49% of students.

Then we have the practical study approach , which breaks the procrastination pattern for 22% of students, followed by collaborative work with 18% of students.

However, that's exactly the thing you should do if you want to improve and, at some point, master time management skills — you ought to learn that recognition doesn't have to be external .

It goes without saying that the external type, especially coming from a person in a superior position (teacher, manager at work, parent, etc.), is more effective.

Yet, recognizing your own achievements, no matter how small they seem, will bring your mindset to another level.

One way to start with this kind of positive approach is to introduce a reward system .

If there's a proper correlation between the time and cognitive effort invested in a task and the reward, your internal motivation will almost certainly reach the level of external motivation.

Your favorite candy bar or an episode of a TV show is a great choice for smaller tasks, while a full treat-yourself-pampering-mode-day is great for larger projects or exams.

It simply works.

Interesting time management statistics

" Time is the longest distance between two places. " — Tennessee Williams

Did you know that highly successful people have numerous habits in common, such as devoting 15 to 30 minutes a day to focused thinking ?

In the following segment, we'll cover some interesting details and statistics regarding the topic.

The positive impact of properly managing your time

The baseline of all time management skills is self-discipline , or a commitment to develop and stick to healthy habits. Only once we take control of our time can we actually achieve a balance between different aspects of our lives.

So, keeping up with your deadlines at work will result in more quality time to, for example, pursue new hobbies and strengthen your personal relationships in your free time.

That also means your stress levels will be reduced, and you'll feel more confident and more capable to achieve your goals.

Countries with shorter working hours or a 4-day week have the happiest citizens

The data from the latest World Happiness Report published in 2022 shows that the truth is the opposite of popular but outdated beliefs about people living in Nordic countries.

The uncorroborated narrative claims that Nordic people are prone to depression and have the highest suicide rate.

However, that's not the case, and the people living over there are actually thriving. As a matter of fact, 3 out of 5 countries with the happiest citizens are Nordic.

The list of overall satisfaction rates for the top 5 goes as follows:

Additionally, it's the Nordic countries that introduced numerous studies on the 4-day week that resulted in increased productivity and happiness among the employees.

For example, successful results from a trial in Iceland led to 86% of the country's workforce either working shorter hours or gaining the right to do so in the near future.

Regular time slots for socialization are an important aspect of time management

Planning your weekly schedule should always include time for socialization.

Allocating a portion of each day to a simple activity such as, taking a walk , is a real serotonin booster.

The same research with a sample of 2.3 million people indicates that taking a hike or a walk on your own raises mood by 2%. If that activity is shared with a friend, the percentage is at 7.5% and even higher, and 8.9% if shared with a partner.

Over 350 genetic factors impact one's cognitive ability during the day

Society as a whole is based on an early bird's schedule , surely — but don't stress too much if you're a night owl .

Of course, the circadian rhythm is a matter of fact, but our internal clocks are complex and equally important. A study of genome-wide data of almost 700,000 participants proved that the reason is a variation in the chronotype of an individual.

The number of genetic factors that will determine when a person feels energized the most is 351. So, it turns out that there's no one-size-fits-all magic formula when it comes to proper time management, and we should plan our schedules in accordance with our internal clocks instead.

Allocate enough time to sleep to avoid several health conditions

On average, it's estimated that people who complete all of the REM and non-REM stages during one night dream for 2 full hours.

This matters because dreaming helps people process and deal with their emotions. Admittedly, you don't have to plan or schedule these hours, but this is just one more example of how a consistent sleep pattern benefits mental health.

Many studies focused on a regular sleep pattern and how the lack of it reflects badly on our physical and mental health. We'll stick with a study that examined the impact of sleep deprivation on emotions and social interactions .

The results once again underline the importance of getting enough sleep. It's much easier to lose focus and get distracted if one hasn't processed their emotions, which badly reflects on your decisions.

Moreover, the results indicate that sleep deprivation leads to a lower understanding of:

That can cause problems at the workplace — even if you've allocated time for work properly.

This is especially relevant for planning and scheduling meetings, as the two factors play a major role in this type of social interaction.

Other results from the same study once again underline the importance of being well-rested. Participants who slept only 4.5 hours per night reported increased appetite and hunger. That wasn't the case for the ones who slept for 8.5 hours.

All things considered, our physical and cognitive capabilities are highly dependent on sleep, and the lack of consistency in our sleep patterns can result in severe problems.

That's why it's vital for our well-being to adequately allocate enough time to sleep and be consistent.

Statistics on how people deal with poor time management

Not being able to manage time properly can have a major impact on one's overall well-being, including both physical and mental health.

Many people don't realize that a schedule shouldn't be all about planning your responsibilities. On the contrary, if we don't plan for breaks, vacations, and leisure time in general, we can find ourselves overseeing those, equally important aspects of life.

In 2015, the National Plan for Vacation Day was introduced in the US

Taking a vacation is just like planning your daily breaks — but on a larger scale.

The latest survey results published on the US government website indicate that 63% of Americans feel they desperately need a vacation.

Despite 93% reporting it's important to use their paid time off to travel, most don't get to do it.

The situation was so bad that the government decided to introduce an encouragement policy — National Plan for Vacation Day , which is celebrated in the US on the last Tuesday of January. Thousands of organizations nationwide use the day to inspire their employees for future getaways.

But, why did the government want to encourage Americans to take their time off regularly?

Because the fact is affecting more than just one's mental health — we're talking about the economy.

According to the same source, if people planned a vacation in advance and actually went, this would create an opportunity for up to 2 million additional jobs in various industries.

The vast majority would be jobs in the travel and hospitality industry, naturally.

However, it doesn't stop there, as tourism's contribution is much greater and reaches various other sectors, such as:

The total loss from missing opportunities and travel spend was estimated at $151.5 billion.

Government in Japan launched an initiative due to the long working hours

One of the main aspects of being a good time manager is creating a balance between your work and your personal life.

However, in some cultures, workaholism is embraced as a positive thing, appreciated, and even encouraged. That's certainly been the case with Japan. For years, Japan kept the record as the country with the longest working hours .

The peak happened in 2012 with 147.1 hours per month, on average. It has been decreasing since and in 2020 reached its record low of 135.1 hours .

In 2016, a government survey revealed almost 25% of Japanese employees worked a whopping 80 hours of overtime per month. Also, workers in Japan, on average, didn't take 10 of their vacation days — and 63% of those who did felt guilty .

Not having enough time for rest and leisure results in a major deterioration of one's mental health. One of the most extreme cases shocked the whole world in 2015. An employee who had been working 100 hours of overtime per month took her life after struggling with severe depression caused by overwork .

The Japanese government later introduced an additional public holiday and started the Premium Friday initiative, the goal of which is for employees to leave work early on the day.

Bonus: Time Management FAQ

" Own time, or time will own you ." — Brian Norgard

Let's check out the most common issues related to understanding the importance of time management by looking into 6 frequently asked questions that could help you get the big picture.

Is time management a life skill?

In short, yes.

But the topic is much more complex as time management is not really a single, but an array of various skills related to:

Many people start managing their time in school in order to boost their productivity and efficiency in completing their academic tasks. And for the vast majority, it's to prepare for further work responsibilities.

However, not too many understand it's crucial to apply the same strategies and prioritize tasks in your personal life as well.

What are 3 reasons why time management is important?

The way we choose to allocate our time during the day is what shapes our personalities. Even the seemingly insignificant habits develop into routines and, eventually, the way of life.

There's an abundance of reasons why taking control of your time matters for every aspect of your lifeves, and here are the 3 main ones:

What is the effectiveness of time management?

Effective time management refers to a unique skill set and thus differs for every individual.

In plain words, it means to work smarter, not harder .

Various tasks in our daily routine are mentally exhausting, while others wear us off physically.

To be effective is to plan the order of those tasks in a way to be fully focused while doing them. We already know that the average person spends approximately one-third of their life sleeping , so it's about leveraging every moment we're awake to its full potential.

What are the benefits of time management?

First, there's a direct correlation between time management and mental health — as being in charge of your own schedule boosts your confidence and self-image .

Showing up on time, meeting deadlines, and feeling focused and productive while at work further make other people respect you more .

So, as far as it goes for the benefits of time management, statistics point to a natural consequence — stress and anxiety levels being significantly reduced .

That way, time passes more smoothly, and your life starts operating like a well-oiled machine. The main result is thus a great work-life balance that we all strive for.

What is the best way to manage your time?

There are many proven techniques and strategies to improve your time management skills. However, due to the complexity of the concept and the diversity of our capabilities, there is no "one size fits all" approach.

The only constant rule is to monitor your performance and track your progress.

According to Harvard Business Review , to manage your time better, there are 3 main categories of skills to develop:

Bear in mind that it's perfectly fine to experiment a bit until you find what works for you. Especially because, as technology advances, many digital solutions are available to help you do so.

From automation of various tasks and regular reminders to productivity tracking and reporting, these are just some of the features which will enhance your efforts.

How do you master time management?

According to Gladwell's theory , it takes approximately 10,000 hours to master a complex skill. However, it's difficult to talk about time management in that context, as the starting point is different for everyone.

But no worries, we can still point you in the right direction.

In gist, mastering time management means 3 things:

The pace of our life changes as we mature, as well as the surrounding circumstances. It all comes down to our ability to adapt and, ultimately, learn to truly value the limited resource of time.

Scheduling for breaks or creativity may sound strange at first, but it will help you build momentum. Furthermore, there's a reason all of the most successful people do so.

Effective time management statistics reveal there are 5 vital habits that such people share, according to Forbes :

Wrapping it up: Time management is all about getting things done

To sum up, we all need to embrace the fact that time is a limited resource.

So, being a good time manager actually means:

The time management statistics above reveal that many people struggle just because they lack the right approach or the right tools.

Just remember, Rome wasn't built in a day, so it's all about progress and one step at a time approach.

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11 Surprising Homework Statistics, Facts & Data

homework statistics

The age-old question of whether homework is good or bad for students is unanswerable because there are so many “ it depends ” factors.

For example, it depends on the age of the child, the type of homework being assigned, and even the child’s needs.

There are also many conflicting reports on whether homework is good or bad. This is a topic that largely relies on data interpretation for the researcher to come to their conclusions.

To cut through some of the fog, below I’ve outlined some great homework statistics that can help us understand the effects of homework on children.

Homework Statistics List

1. 45% of parents think homework is too easy for their children.

A study by the Center for American Progress found that parents are almost twice as likely to believe their children’s homework is too easy than to disagree with that statement.

Here are the figures for math homework:

Here are the figures for language arts homework:

These findings are based on online surveys of 372 parents of school-aged children conducted in 2018.

2. 93% of Fourth Grade Children Worldwide are Assigned Homework

The prestigious worldwide math assessment Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMSS) took a survey of worldwide homework trends in 2007. Their study concluded that 93% of fourth-grade children are regularly assigned homework, while just 7% never or rarely have homework assigned.

3. 17% of Teens Regularly Miss Homework due to Lack of High-Speed Internet Access

A 2018 Pew Research poll of 743 US teens found that 17%, or almost 2 in every 5 students, regularly struggled to complete homework because they didn’t have reliable access to the internet.

This figure rose to 25% of Black American teens and 24% of teens whose families have an income of less than $30,000 per year.

4. Parents Spend 6.7 Hours Per Week on their Children’s Homework

A 2018 study of 27,500 parents around the world found that the average amount of time parents spend on homework with their child is 6.7 hours per week. Furthermore, 25% of parents spend more than 7 hours per week on their child’s homework.

American parents spend slightly below average at 6.2 hours per week, while Indian parents spend 12 hours per week and Japanese parents spend 2.6 hours per week.

5. Students in High-Performing High Schools Spend on Average 3.1 Hours per night Doing Homework

A study by Galloway, Conner & Pope (2013) conducted a sample of 4,317 students from 10 high-performing high schools in upper-middle-class California. 

Across these high-performing schools, students self-reported that they did 3.1 hours per night of homework.

Graduates from those schools also ended up going on to college 93% of the time.

6. One to Two Hours is the Optimal Duration for Homework

A 2012 peer-reviewed study in the High School Journal found that students who conducted between one and two hours achieved higher results in tests than any other group.

However, the authors were quick to highlight that this “t is an oversimplification of a much more complex problem.” I’m inclined to agree. The greater variable is likely the quality of the homework than time spent on it.

Nevertheless, one result was unequivocal: that some homework is better than none at all : “students who complete any amount of homework earn higher test scores than their peers who do not complete homework.”

7. 74% of Teens cite Homework as a Source of Stress

A study by the Better Sleep Council found that homework is a source of stress for 74% of students. Only school grades, at 75%, rated higher in the study.

That figure rises for girls, with 80% of girls citing homework as a source of stress.

Similarly, the study by Galloway, Conner & Pope (2013) found that 56% of students cite homework as a “primary stressor” in their lives.

8. US Teens Spend more than 15 Hours per Week on Homework

The same study by the Better Sleep Council also found that US teens spend over 2 hours per school night on homework, and overall this added up to over 15 hours per week.

Surprisingly, 4% of US teens say they do more than 6 hours of homework per night. That’s almost as much homework as there are hours in the school day.

The only activity that teens self-reported as doing more than homework was engaging in electronics, which included using phones, playing video games, and watching TV.

9. The 10-Minute Rule

The National Education Association (USA) endorses the concept of doing 10 minutes of homework per night per grade.

For example, if you are in 3rd grade, you should do 30 minutes of homework per night. If you are in 4th grade, you should do 40 minutes of homework per night.

However, this ‘rule’ appears not to be based in sound research. Nevertheless, it is true that homework benefits (no matter the quality of the homework) will likely wane after 2 hours (120 minutes) per night, which would be the NEA guidelines’ peak in grade 12.

10. 21.9% of Parents are Too Busy for their Children’s Homework

An online poll of nearly 300 parents found that 21.9% are too busy to review their children’s homework. On top of this, 31.6% of parents do not look at their children’s homework because their children do not want their help. For these parents, their children’s unwillingness to accept their support is a key source of frustration.

11. 46.5% of Parents find Homework too Hard

The same online poll of parents of children from grades 1 to 12 also found that many parents struggle to help their children with homework because parents find it confusing themselves. Unfortunately, the study did not ask the age of the students so more data is required here to get a full picture of the issue.

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Interpreting the Data

Unfortunately, homework is one of those topics that can be interpreted by different people pursuing differing agendas. All studies of homework have a wide range of variables, such as:

The more questions we ask about the data, the more we realize that it’s hard to come to firm conclusions about the pros and cons of homework .

Furthermore, questions about the opportunity cost of homework remain. Even if homework is good for children’s test scores, is it worthwhile if the children consequently do less exercise or experience more stress?

Thus, this ends up becoming a largely qualitative exercise. If parents and teachers zoom in on an individual child’s needs, they’ll be able to more effectively understand how much homework a child needs as well as the type of homework they should be assigned.

Related: Funny Homework Excuses

The debate over whether to assign children homework will not be resolved with these homework statistics. But, these facts and figures can help you to pursue a position in a school debate on the topic – and with that, I hope your debate goes well and you develop some great debating skills!


Chris Drew (PhD)

Dr. Chris Drew is the founder of the Helpful Professor. He holds a PhD in education and has published over 20 articles in scholarly journals. He is the former editor of the Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education.

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Infographic: How Does Homework Actually Affect Students?

Homework Infographic Banner Image

Homework is an important part of engaging students outside of the classroom.

It carries educational benefits for all age groups, including time management and organization. Homework also provides students with the ability to think beyond what is taught in class.

The not-so-good news is these benefits only occur when students are engaged and ready to learn. But, the more homework they get, the less they want to engage.


Homework can affect students’ health, social life and grades. The hours logged in class, and the hours logged on schoolwork can lead to students feeling overwhelmed and unmotivated. Navigating the line between developing learning skills and feeling frustrated can be tricky.

Homework is an important part of being successful inside and outside of the classroom, but too much of it can actually have the opposite effect. Students who spend too much time on homework are not always able to meet other needs, like being physically and socially active. Ultimately, the amount of homework a student has can impact a lot more than his or her grades.

Find out how too much homework actually affects students.

How Does Homework Affect Students’ Health?

Homework can affect both students’ physical and mental health. According to a study by Stanford University, 56 per cent of students considered homework a primary source of stress. Too much homework can result in lack of sleep, headaches, exhaustion and weight loss. Excessive homework can also result in poor eating habits, with families choosing fast food as a faster alternative.

How Does Homework Affect Students’ Social Life?

Extracurricular activities and social time gives students a chance to refresh their minds and bodies. But students who have large amounts of homework have less time to spend with their families and friends. This can leave them feeling isolated and without a support system. For older students, balancing homework and part-time work makes it harder to balance school and other tasks. Without time to socialize and relax, students can become increasingly stressed, impacting life at school and at home.

How Does Homework Affect Students’ Grades?

After a full day of learning in class, students can become burnt out if they have too much homework. When this happens, the child may stop completing homework or rely on a parent to assist with homework. As a result, the benefits of homework are lost and grades can start to slip.

Too much homework can also result in less active learning, a type of learning that occurs in context and encourages participation. Active learning promotes the analysis and application of class content in real world settings. Homework does not always provide these opportunities, leading to boredom and a lack of problem-solving skills.


Being an active part of children’s homework routine is a major part of understanding feelings and of be able to provide the needed support. As parents, you can help your child have a stress-free homework experience. Sticking to a clear and organized homework routine helps children develop better homework habits as they get older. This routine also comes in handy when homework becomes more difficult and time-consuming.

Learn more about the current world of homework, and how you can help your child stay engaged.

How Homework Affects Students Infographic

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Students Spend More Time on Homework but Teachers Say It's Worth It

Time spent on homework has increased in recent years, but educators say that's because the assignments have also changed.

Students Spending More Time on Homework

Make sure you understand your test answers, both right and wrong, in order to identify weaknesses and improve your overall score.

High school students get assigned up to 17.5 hours of homework per week, according to a survey of 1,000 teachers. iStockphoto

Although students nowadays are spending significantly more time on homework assignments – sometimes up to 17.5 hours each week – the type and quality of the assignments have changed to better capture critical thinking skills and higher levels of learning, according to a recent survey of teachers conducted by the University of Phoenix College of Education. 

The survey of 1,000 K-12 teachers found, among other things, that high school teachers on average assign about 3.5 hours of homework each week. For high school students who typically have five classes with different teachers, that could mean as much as 17.5 hours each week. By comparison, the survey found middle school teachers assign about 3.2 hours of homework each week and kindergarten through fifth grade teachers assign about 2.9 hours each week. 

[ READ : Standardized Testing Debate Should Focus on Local School Districts, Report Says ]

By comparison, a 2011 study from the National Center for Education Statistics found high school students reported spending an average of 6.8 hours of homework per week, while a 1994 report from the National Center for Education Statistics – reviewing trends in data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress – found 39 percent of 17-year-olds said they did at least one hour of homework each day.

"What has changed is not necessarily the magic number of how many hours they’re doing per night, but it’s the quality of the homework," says Ashley Norris, assistant dean of the university's college of education. Part of that shift in recent years, she says, may come from more schools implementing the Common Core State Standards, which are intended to put more of an emphasis on critical thinking and problem-solving skills. 

"You see a change from teachers … giving, really, busy work … to where they’re actually creating long-term projects that students have to manage outside of the classroom, or reading, where they read and come back into the classroom and share their findings," Norris says. "It's not just about rote memorization, because we know that doesn't stick."

For younger students, having more meaningful homework assignments can help build time-management skills, as well as enhance parent-child interaction, Norris says. But the bigger connection for high school students, she says, is doing assignments outside of the classroom that get them interested in a career path.

[ MORE : How Virtual Games Can Help Struggling Students Learn ]

Moving forward, as more schools dive into more time-consuming – but Norris says more meaningful – assignments, there may be a greater shift in the number of schools utilizing the "flipped classroom" method, in which students watch a lesson or lecture at home online, and bring their questions to the classroom to work with their peers while the teacher is present to help facilitate any problems that arise. 

"This is already happening in the classrooms. And I think that idea, this whole idea where homework is this applied learning that goes outside the boundaries of a classroom – what can we use that actual class time for?" Norris says "To come back and collaborate on learning, learn from each other, maybe critique our own [work] and share those experiences."

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Tags: K-12 education , education , Common Core , teachers

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homework and time management statistics


Time Management Statistics Featured Image

Time Management Statistics – 2023

Planning ahead is everything when it comes to productivity and the biggest enemy of productivity is wasted time. Time management statistics are about showing just how often developing better skills, the implementation of time management techniques of the use of software can help us manage our work and life better. The ultimate goal is not just increased productivity and profit but the overall well-being and work-life balance that we owe ourselves to stay healthy. So let’s look at the stats about where our time goes.

Time Management Statistics (Editor’s Choice) 

General Time Management Stats  

1. full-time employees work 8.5 hours per weekday on average..

But that’s not all, many work an additional 5.4 hours per day during the weekend as well. And hardly anyone thinks they are wasting time, yet there is the feeling of not being on top of things, being overwhelmed, and needing those extra hours in a day or an extra day on a weekend. The best work-life balance is achieved so far in the Netherlands where the average working week is 29 hours, time management statistics reveal.

( LinkedIn )

2. The average person uses 13 different methods to control and manage their time.

And that same average person spends two hours of the day recovering from distractions. They also check their email and/or IM app every six minutes and spend a total of three minutes on a task before taking up something else or something that requires their attention.

3. Only 10 to 12 minutes of planning can save you two hours a day.

Facts about time management show that thinking about what to do next and how, minute by minute added, can take a huge chunk of your day, which makes morning planning crucial.

The main thing to keep in mind when planning the day is to focus on all the most important work between 9 AM and 12 PM. This is peak productivity time when the human brain works the hardest and decision-making is not impaired by the amount of information received throughout the day.

Time management statistics at work have also shown that multitasking is a myth and that productivity drops by a full 40% when we take on more than one task at a time.

4. A cluttered desk can cost you an hour and a half every day.  

For those with a messy workspace, this is bad productivity news, as people spend seven and a half hours a week looking for things or being distracted by something in their close proximity. 

And it’s not just one man’s problem either; statistics about time management have found that entire companies spend around 16 days a year trying to locate paper documents. In this day and age of digital advancements searching for paper seems like a huge waste of time.

( Firewall Times , LinkedIn )

5. You can interrupt yourself as little as 20 seconds into a task. 

And it doesn’t matter if you are a professional and if it’s a task that requires high focus as self-interruptions are a very frequent occurrence. Up to 44% of all interruptions come from ourselves.

Time management facts reveal that these interruptions happen because of intruding thoughts, needing to do another task first, having a new idea, multitasking attempts, or just quitting and choosing something else.

( LinkedIn , Firewall Times )

6. 70% of people use a to-do list to get their most important tasks done. 

Plan to do one thing, you will drag it out, plan to do more and you will get better results. If we give ourselves a single thing to do that one task will be dragged out throughout the entire allotted time for it. Benefits of time management statistics further show that when people add 12 things to a list — at least seven of them will be completed.

7. 20% of people feel 50% of their day includes productive work tasks. 

Over 50% of professionals report that most of their time at work is unproductive, for only 3% of them less than half of the day is spent on productive tasks. Around 54% say that they can manage a 70% productivity rate during one day, according to time management and productivity statistics.

( Firewall Times )

Time Management Activities for Employees 

8. around 19% of employers track their salaried employees’ time..

Under a fifth of employers use time tracking software to track the time worked by their staff on a salary. This type of software is usually common for tracking the activities of hourly workers.

9.  The Eisenhower Matrix shows an almost 100% success rate among the respondents.

Around 50% of people who believe this is the best technique feel their work is always under control, according to time management skills statistics . Another 50% of people say that their work is under control four days out of a five-day workweek.

Also known as the Urgent-Important Matrix, this technique tells you which tasks to do (urgent and important), schedule (important but not urgent), delegate (urgent but not important), or delete (not urgent and not important). 

( Development Academy , Product Plan , Slab ) 

The Eisenhower Matrix

10. The Pomodoro Technique is considered the second most successful way of managing time.

Around 60% of people using the Pomodoro technique report feeling their work is under control for four or five days during the workweek and have no time management issues , statistics supporting time management show.

The Pomodoro Technique is a time management method suitable for everyone. It suggests working in shorter, focused, 25-minute intervals and then taking a five-minute break. After four 25-minute intervals, take a longer break. 

It is important that the breaks are not work-related and give your mind time to abandon the task and rest for a short while. Take a walk around the office, have a cup of tea or a glass of water, stretch or do a couple of simple exercises. It is best if you don’t spend these five minutes staring at the computer or turning to your phone.

This technique is so popular that some performance management software feature a Pomodoro timer.

( Francesco Cirillo , Development Academy) 

11. The average employee spends less than 30 seconds having a meaningful conversation with their child. 

Time management and stress statistics show it’s not all about revenue and productivity. Overwhelmed by poor time management, communication with loved ones suffers too. Working people spend on average less than two minutes a day talking about something meaningful with their partner and even less with their children. Combined with the fact that the cause of 95% of divorces is cited as “lack of communication” we see how far-reaching the consequences of poor time management can be.

( Balance Time )

Statistics Time Management Habits by Age

12. younger children often can’t tell the difference between 5 and 15 minutes even if they can tell the time..

These abilities can develop early on with the practice, and it is not too much to start as soon as elementary school. These are some steps and activities you can implement to ease children into the time management process:

( Very Well Family )

13. Up to 80% of the grade you get is the result of 20% of what’s learned.

Time management statistics for high school students explain the 80/20 Pareto rule and how teenagers can use it to prioritize their tasks.

The principle says that 80% of consequences come from 20% of the causes. Adapted for school, it means that 80% of the results and grades happen because of 20% of the things we do and put our effort into.

Up to 80% of the grade you get on the essay or an assignment is the result of 20% of the quality of the content. Of course, it is near impossible to pinpoint which 20% at first glance, but there are some hints and tips.

Teenage time management statistics show that prioritizing plays a key role here as teenagers tend to put less urgent and easy tasks first. This is the wrong approach as one should first tackle the most important, hardest, and most urgent task.

( Allison Academy )

14. Teenagers spend an average of nine hours online every day. 

This includes social media as well as entertainment platforms.  While some school work does happen online, academic achievements (and homework) still require a lot of offline work, and poor grades are just one of the poor time management effects , homework and time management statistics show. Limiting app time is one great way to manage how you spend your day as a teenager. Also, with multitasking reducing productivity by 40%, listening to that podcast while doing math homework might not be the best idea.

15. 47% of college students say their high school did not prepare them for the organizational level needed in college.  

Up to 54% of students say they would perform better if they had the know-how to be organized and stay organized, time management in college statistics indicate.

Too many options have created an enormous fear of missing out amongst teenagers and college students and have them chasing social commitments without knowing how to refuse even things they are not 100% interested in. This is the age when boundaries are set, to your friends, and to yourself.

( Reliable Plant , Allison Academy )

16. 48% of students still manage their assignments and deadlines by handwriting in a notebook.

That is quite the number of students struggling with time management . Coincidentally 48% of students say partying is what “affects their grades.” College students and time management statistics record that 48.4% of students report not having enough time for doing course work.

Up to 87% percent of students think better time management and organization would help and 88% say they want to improve. 

17. 50% of students don’t use anything to help them manage their time.

Some 23% report they keep everything in their head and solely rely on memory. Only 21.7% use some kind of software to organize their notes and research even if 68% work on projects in pairs or groups. 

College student time management statistics show the most common way of sharing info is email as 66% of students use it. Paper exchange is used in 24% of cases.

( Reliable Plant )

In Conclusion

People tend to waste a lot of time and then pay the price in stress. With the help of two or three easy techniques, there is a good chance of better personal time management. At work, other factors are in play but similar principles apply and a lot of it is in our own hands. 

Both companies and individuals could benefit from time management training and software which could help prevent revenue losses and health consequences to employees, statistics on poor time management show. In any case, time management skills should not be left to chance, and adopting good practices at a young age has shown great results. However, it is never too late to take back control of your time.

What percentage of people use time management?

Only 18% of people use a time management system. A full 82% do not use anything while 33% make to-do lists in order to organize their tasks. Some 24% of respondents use email inbox as a time management tool. Around 12% use a diary to make plans in advance.

( Development Academy )

How many people have problems with time management?

Statistics about time management show that one of the effects of poor time management is that around 12.5% of people feel they don’t have things under control at work when it comes to time management. Over 20% of people feel that they are never in control of their work and time or that they have things under control one day a week.

Only 20% of people use a monthly time audit as a way to review their time spending and 49% of people say they have never tried out a time audit in their life.

What are the 4 P’s of time management?

The 4 Ps of time management, according to time management statistics , are:

( Canadian Small Business Women )

Sources: Development Academy , Trafft , LinkedIn , Firewall Times , Very Well Family , Reliable Plant , Product Plan , Slab , Francesco Cirillo , Balance Time , Allison Academy , Canadian Small Business Women

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Time Management Statistics and Facts That Will Surprise You

Trafft Team

homework and time management statistics

The working day only has so many hours – and those hours aren’t infinite. That’s what makes time management a crucial part of being successful. It makes sense that so many tests and studies have been done on the subject. It also makes sense that there are hundreds of time management statistics books on the market.

While these books might sound like a bore, they contain fascinating statistics that are nothing short of mind-blowing. To get an idea of what we mean, take a few minutes to read the statistics we’ve highlighted below – you won’t be disappointed.

Time Management Statistics and Facts

The time management statistics above show how effective adequate time management is. It also proves how important it is for the success of both companies and their individual employees. Without time management techniques, companies suffer from lost productivity, loss of revenue, and an increase in health deterioration among employees.

Helpful Strategies for Time Management at Work

Valuing your time is the key to being successful in your time management journey – the more you value your time, the better you’ll be at managing it. Time management will help you in every aspect of your life but will be particularly helpful because it will put you on a clear path. This path will help you to gauge how much time and effort is needed to succeed.

Time management strategies are tools that help you complete tasks within a specific timeframe and with a steady workflow. Failing to manage your time effectively can lead to a host of stress-related problems, poor job productivity, and loss of business.

What are the best time management strategies? Let’s check out a few.

5 Time Management Strategies That Are Backed By Time Management Stats

Learn to prioritize.

Prioritization is one of the main strategies taught by self-help professionals – and for good reason. By prioritizing your daily tasks, you ensure that you spend your time where you should be: that is, on tasks that are crucial and important. The most important tasks should be at the top of your to-do list and come before any other tasks that could stand to wait just a little bit longer.

Maintain a clear focus

Before getting started on your to-do list, you should always sit down and determine your main focus for the day. Figure out what you want to achieve that day and which tasks need to get done.

Get the worst done first

We understand that when one of your most important tasks is boring, dull, or difficult, it can be hard to get the motivation to do it. But try to remember that this task is important for a reason and, even if the ask isn’t of any real importance, it still needs completion. So, bite the bullet and do the least desirable task first – get it out of the way so you don’t have to worry about it.

Get rid of interruptions and distractions

As the time management statistics above show, interruptions and distractions are counter-productive. When you’re trying to boost your efficiency, take time to figure out your distractions, and find a solution for getting rid of them.

Have an ever-evolving task list

Although you sat down at the start of your day and made a task list, other tasks will likely come up during the day. Don’t be afraid to add these tasks to your list! Add them right away and, as you complete your tasks, cross them off or otherwise mark them as complete. Update your list and stay on top of it.

Time Management Stats for Work: The Conclusion

When you learn how to increase productivity and get more tasks done in less time, you become less stressed and enter a healthier state of mind. With so much hype surrounding the idea of time management, you’re likely wondering: do the recommended changes actually have a benefit ?

The answer is yes !

Time management is getting the right things done, which is an effective way to tackle every important item on your to-do list.

For businesses that provide service, appointment scheduling is a huge part of every business day.

It’s also time-consuming – but there are a few ways to make it go more quickly while proving the negative time management statistics wrong.

Optimize your working schedule with the right tool for the job

Staying organized has never been easier.

You can now manage your business and grow your brand with a single, powerful software that keeps all of your appointments in line, your clients organized and your business booming.

Trafft is perfect for business owners who need to streamline their booking experience both for their staff and their clients.


Trafft handles everything for you, even sending automated email or SMS reminders to your clients. No-shows? Not anymore!

The Trafft booking software adapts to different industries for a blissful online booking experience and employee management.

Want to know more? Check out Trafft’s awesome features to see what you are missing.

If you enjoyed reading this article with time management statistics, you should read about why time management is important .

We also wrote about a few related subjects like time management systems , using a time management coach , the time management matrix , time management courses , time management quotes , time management strategies , and techniques .

Do you want an app for that? We also selected the best time management apps , but also free time management apps for tight budgets, and if you’re looking for a time tracking app , we picked the best of them.

Needless to say, we are really into time management and we don’t like to waste time because we know how poor time management can affect us. You might also want to give a chance to a time management coach .

Trafft Team

Trafft Team

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homework and time management statistics

How Does Homework Help With Time Management

The motive behind the exercise of homework is to keep the student abreast with the daily goings-on of the class and through thorough practice improve the student’s foundation in a particular topic. Besides those, homework develops one’s researching capabilities since often it extends beyond what is just being taught at school; it is a furtherance of the student’s knowledge and for that the student often has to spend a quite an amount of time looking up the internet or the library for some kind of aid.

Time Management

In-time submission is a universal pre-requisite for any piece of work. Marks deduction, denying to consider the homework or other such penalties on failing to meet the deadline act as a form of driving force for students. Students, therefore, are forced into putting their priorities to check and order them accordingly. In future, when in employment, these students have to meet several such deadlines and then it will be this exercise of college homework that would come in handy.

In addition, college assignments help with time management by enabling us to order our priorities. In this way, we get clear up some time for ourselves and engage in things we love doing, have a hobby. We can binge-watch TV shows, have a movie-marathon, go on a long drive and what not. Yet all of it without compromising on the important stuff since we will learn, eventually where to draw the line.

Recruiting help

Not everybody can master the management task. After bouts of driving around with friends, social networking, binge watching TV shows there is not much energy nor enthusiasm that could drive some out of their bed or couches to invest the remainder of their time into a productive exercise of homework, not even if he is made to write down a million times, in order to ascertain, the numerous benefits of this exercise.

Besides the non-enthusiast, there are those who just could not make out time from numerous engagements. There are many who genuinely cannot do homework, some probable conceptual fault that has remained unclear. For such folks, expert advice and suggestions are advisable. But how does one know whom to trust? The internet is flooding with homework help websites that are made up of a bunch of fraudsters.

How are online homework services helpful?

Offline or online, homework services offer a great deal of relaxation to those with too much on their desk and those who always love to relax. Employing expert professionals, these services go to the core of the problem a student is facing with a particular topic that his/her homework deals with. They will not just write the answers to your questions but also improve your understanding of the topics so that you do not have to seek further assistance from such service providers. The services are reasonably priced and can be availed 24*7.

Homework – Top 3 Pros and Cons

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homework and time management statistics

From dioramas to book reports, from algebraic word problems to research projects, whether students should be given homework, as well as the type and amount of homework, has been debated for over a century. [ 1 ]

While we are unsure who invented homework, we do know that the word “homework” dates back to ancient Rome. Pliny the Younger asked his followers to practice their speeches at home. Memorization exercises as homework continued through the Middle Ages and Enlightenment by monks and other scholars. [ 45 ]

In the 19th century, German students of the Volksschulen or “People’s Schools” were given assignments to complete outside of the school day. This concept of homework quickly spread across Europe and was brought to the United States by Horace Mann , who encountered the idea in Prussia. [ 45 ]

In the early 1900s, progressive education theorists, championed by the magazine Ladies’ Home Journal , decried homework’s negative impact on children’s physical and mental health, leading California to ban homework for students under 15 from 1901 until 1917. In the 1930s, homework was portrayed as child labor, which was newly illegal, but the prevailing argument was that kids needed time to do household chores. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 45 ] [ 46 ]

Public opinion swayed again in favor of homework in the 1950s due to concerns about keeping up with the Soviet Union’s technological advances during the Cold War . And, in 1986, the US government included homework as an educational quality boosting tool. [ 3 ] [ 45 ]

A 2014 study found kindergarteners to fifth graders averaged 2.9 hours of homework per week, sixth to eighth graders 3.2 hours per teacher, and ninth to twelfth graders 3.5 hours per teacher. A 2014-2019 study found that teens spent about an hour a day on homework. [ 4 ] [ 44 ]

Beginning in 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic complicated the very idea of homework as students were schooling remotely and many were doing all school work from home. Washington Post journalist Valerie Strauss asked, “Does homework work when kids are learning all day at home?” While students were mostly back in school buildings in fall 2021, the question remains of how effective homework is as an educational tool. [ 47 ]

Is Homework Beneficial?

Pro 1 Homework improves student achievement. Studies have shown that homework improved student achievement in terms of improved grades, test results, and the likelihood to attend college. Research published in the High School Journal indicated that students who spent between 31 and 90 minutes each day on homework “scored about 40 points higher on the SAT-Mathematics subtest than their peers, who reported spending no time on homework each day, on average.” [ 6 ] Students in classes that were assigned homework outperformed 69% of students who didn’t have homework on both standardized tests and grades. A majority of studies on homework’s impact – 64% in one meta-study and 72% in another – showed that take-home assignments were effective at improving academic achievement. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] Research by the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) concluded that increased homework led to better GPAs and higher probability of college attendance for high school boys. In fact, boys who attended college did more than three hours of additional homework per week in high school. [ 10 ] Read More
Pro 2 Homework helps to reinforce classroom learning, while developing good study habits and life skills. Students typically retain only 50% of the information teachers provide in class, and they need to apply that information in order to truly learn it. Abby Freireich and Brian Platzer, co-founders of Teachers Who Tutor NYC, explained, “at-home assignments help students learn the material taught in class. Students require independent practice to internalize new concepts… [And] these assignments can provide valuable data for teachers about how well students understand the curriculum.” [ 11 ] [ 49 ] Elementary school students who were taught “strategies to organize and complete homework,” such as prioritizing homework activities, collecting study materials, note-taking, and following directions, showed increased grades and more positive comments on report cards. [ 17 ] Research by the City University of New York noted that “students who engage in self-regulatory processes while completing homework,” such as goal-setting, time management, and remaining focused, “are generally more motivated and are higher achievers than those who do not use these processes.” [ 18 ] Homework also helps students develop key skills that they’ll use throughout their lives: accountability, autonomy, discipline, time management, self-direction, critical thinking, and independent problem-solving. Freireich and Platzer noted that “homework helps students acquire the skills needed to plan, organize, and complete their work.” [ 12 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] [ 15 ] [ 49 ] Read More
Pro 3 Homework allows parents to be involved with children’s learning. Thanks to take-home assignments, parents are able to track what their children are learning at school as well as their academic strengths and weaknesses. [ 12 ] Data from a nationwide sample of elementary school students show that parental involvement in homework can improve class performance, especially among economically disadvantaged African-American and Hispanic students. [ 20 ] Research from Johns Hopkins University found that an interactive homework process known as TIPS (Teachers Involve Parents in Schoolwork) improves student achievement: “Students in the TIPS group earned significantly higher report card grades after 18 weeks (1 TIPS assignment per week) than did non-TIPS students.” [ 21 ] Homework can also help clue parents in to the existence of any learning disabilities their children may have, allowing them to get help and adjust learning strategies as needed. Duke University Professor Harris Cooper noted, “Two parents once told me they refused to believe their child had a learning disability until homework revealed it to them.” [ 12 ] Read More
Con 1 Too much homework can be harmful. A poll of California high school students found that 59% thought they had too much homework. 82% of respondents said that they were “often or always stressed by schoolwork.” High-achieving high school students said too much homework leads to sleep deprivation and other health problems such as headaches, exhaustion, weight loss, and stomach problems. [ 24 ] [ 28 ] [ 29 ] Alfie Kohn, an education and parenting expert, said, “Kids should have a chance to just be kids… it’s absurd to insist that children must be engaged in constructive activities right up until their heads hit the pillow.” [ 27 ] Emmy Kang, a mental health counselor, explained, “More than half of students say that homework is their primary source of stress, and we know what stress can do on our bodies.” [ 48 ] Excessive homework can also lead to cheating: 90% of middle school students and 67% of high school students admit to copying someone else’s homework, and 43% of college students engaged in “unauthorized collaboration” on out-of-class assignments. Even parents take shortcuts on homework: 43% of those surveyed admitted to having completed a child’s assignment for them. [ 30 ] [ 31 ] [ 32 ] Read More
Con 2 Homework exacerbates the digital divide or homework gap. Kiara Taylor, financial expert, defined the digital divide as “the gap between demographics and regions that have access to modern information and communications technology and those that don’t. Though the term now encompasses the technical and financial ability to utilize available technology—along with access (or a lack of access) to the Internet—the gap it refers to is constantly shifting with the development of technology.” For students, this is often called the homework gap. [ 50 ] [ 51 ] 30% (about 15 to 16 million) public school students either did not have an adequate internet connection or an appropriate device, or both, for distance learning. Completing homework for these students is more complicated (having to find a safe place with an internet connection, or borrowing a laptop, for example) or impossible. [ 51 ] A Hispanic Heritage Foundation study found that 96.5% of students across the country needed to use the internet for homework, and nearly half reported they were sometimes unable to complete their homework due to lack of access to the internet or a computer, which often resulted in lower grades. [ 37 ] [ 38 ] One study concluded that homework increases social inequality because it “potentially serves as a mechanism to further advantage those students who already experience some privilege in the school system while further disadvantaging those who may already be in a marginalized position.” [ 39 ] Read More
Con 3 Homework does not help younger students, and may not help high school students. We’ve known for a while that homework does not help elementary students. A 2006 study found that “homework had no association with achievement gains” when measured by standardized tests results or grades. [ 7 ] Fourth grade students who did no homework got roughly the same score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) math exam as those who did 30 minutes of homework a night. Students who did 45 minutes or more of homework a night actually did worse. [ 41 ] Temple University professor Kathryn Hirsh-Pasek said that homework is not the most effective tool for young learners to apply new information: “They’re learning way more important skills when they’re not doing their homework.” [ 42 ] In fact, homework may not be helpful at the high school level either. Alfie Kohn, author of The Homework Myth, stated, “I interviewed high school teachers who completely stopped giving homework and there was no downside, it was all upside.” He explains, “just because the same kids who get more homework do a little better on tests, doesn’t mean the homework made that happen.” [ 52 ] Read More

Discussion Questions

1. Is homework beneficial? Consider the study data, your personal experience, and other types of information. Explain your answer(s).

2. If homework were banned, what other educational strategies would help students learn classroom material? Explain your answer(s).

3. How has homework been helpful to you personally? How has homework been unhelpful to you personally? Make carefully considered lists for both sides.

Take Action

1. Examine an argument in favor of quality homework assignments from Janine Bempechat.

2. Explore Oxford Learning’s infographic on the effects of homework on students.

3. Consider Joseph Lathan’s argument that homework promotes inequality .

4. Consider how you felt about the issue before reading this article. After reading the pros and cons on this topic, has your thinking changed? If so, how? List two to three ways. If your thoughts have not changed, list two to three ways your better understanding of the “other side of the issue” now helps you better argue your position.

5. Push for the position and policies you support by writing US national senators and representatives .

More School Debate Topics

Should K-12 Students Dissect Animals in Science Classrooms? – Proponents say dissecting real animals is a better learning experience. Opponents say the practice is bad for the environment.

Should Students Have to Wear School Uniforms? – Proponents say uniforms may increase student safety. Opponents say uniforms restrict expression.

Should Corporal Punishment Be Used in K-12 Schools? – Proponents say corporal punishment is an appropriate discipline. Opponents say it inflicts long-lasting physical and mental harm on students.

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20+ Little-Known Time Management Statistics For 2023

Deyan Georgiev

Updated · Feb 07, 2023

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Table of Contents

Time Management Statistics at Work

Time management education statistics, statistics on the benefits of time management, statistics on poor time management.

Time management statistics show that a shocking amount of time is wasted on an organization. Senior managers spend as much as 23 hours a week in meetings and the whopping 16 days per year are lost through searching for paper documents.

Procrastination is also a problem in most workplaces. The average UK employee spends over two hours a day doing anything except work.

Also, the majority of students feel they lack the necessary time management and organizational skills to achieve the best grades possible.

And that’s not all:

Intriguing Time Management Statistics

Here are some exciting time management stats that deserve our attention:

As time management stats prove, we spend most of our time at work. Yet it’s amazing just how much time we waste throughout a typical working day. This directly impacts our leisure time.

General Time Management Statistics

Aside from sleeping, which we spend 26 years of our lives doing, we spend most of our time at work. 13 years to be exact, according to recent time management work statistics. If we wish to be more successful in our jobs, we need to set goals and exercise some discipline.

1. 22% of cohorts that set goals saw an improvement in performance in academics in 2020. 

( Source: ScienceDirect )

2021 Statistics about time management show that 88% of people who don't set goals fail to see a better academic outcome. On the flip side, two out of every 10 people that set goals noticed an improvement.

2. 44 hours/week is the number of time loggers and miners attended their jobs in 2020.

( Source: Statista )

Statistics on time management show that those in the industry worked the most in 2020, with 8.8 hours per day .  Following closely were employees in utilities with 42.9 hours per week. Leisure and hospitality staff worked the least, with 25.2 hours weekly.

3. By December 2020, “Employee Monitoring” had a 100 value interest in the last month of 2020.

( Source: CNBC )

Statistics about time management show that many people were interested in ways to monitor staff . We can attribute this interest to working remotely due to Corona.

4. Only 15% of employers offer the 40hrs/week schedule as of 2020.

( Source: EBN )

Whooping 75% of employers in the US offer 40+ hours per week schedules, which translates to eight hours per week. The question is how many employees are getting a healthy work-life balance. Another area of concern is how burnout affected the efficiency and productivity of staff working more than the recommended hours. 

Companies such as New Zealand's Perpetual Guardian cut their workdays to just four per week. 12 months into the program, the organization was already seeing positive results performance-wise. 

Despite the average working week being 40 hours or more, it is surprising just how much time is wasted in the workplace. According to the latest statistics on time management at work, some of the biggest time-wasting activities include searching for documents, pointless meetings, and procrastination.

5. Companies, on average, spend as much as 16 days a year looking for paper documents.

( Source: DocuSign )

Despite new technologies such as digitization and document management software being readily available, a lot of companies ‘do things the old fashioned way’. Thus, wasting a lot of time, according to recent facts and statistics about time management.

6. At least 23 hours per week senior managers spent in meetings.

In fact, between 1960 and 1980, the amount of time executives spent in meetings doubled , as confirmed by time management studies and statistics. Unnecessary meetings waste a lot of time. So before accepting another pointless one, check you have an agenda written, and that the meeting is absolutely essential.

7. The average UK employee spends 2 hours 11 minutes procrastinating every day.

( Source: HumanResources )

The most popular ways to procrastinate at work included:

Going on Facebook accounted for 16 minutes of wasted time during, according to up-to-date statistics for time management.

8. 11%  of organizations admit that accounting tasks gave them sleepless nights in 2020.

( Source: Accountancy Age )

Time management statistics for 2021 show that one in 10 businesses struggled with accounting tasks in 2020. 

What does that have to do with time management?

If a task is causing you too much stress, then the chances are that you’re going to spend more time doing it. That will eat into your downtime and affect your productivity when it comes to other duties.

Based on college student time management statistics, It’s clear to see why education can be considered an inefficient sector. The majority of students reveal they don’t have the necessary organization and time management skills to achieve the best grades. Moreover, teachers have limited time in the classroom, while having to deal with other distractions like uninterested pupils.

9. Time management statistics show that 87% of students could achieve better grades if they had better time management skills.


Most students admitted that they still use handwritten notes on a calendar to manage their time. Furthermore, 50% of students said they do not make use of one single system to arrange their lecture notes, contacts, research, and assignments.

Talk about shocking time management statistics for college students! Wasn’t this the age of technology?

10. Twenty hours a week are enough to study.

( Source: Ottawa University )

Students often struggle with planning their time. A lot of times, they find themselves rushing to study for exams last minute.

If you’re in school, here’s the best schedule for you:

According to student time management statistics, students should set aside 20 hours per week for learning . That includes the 15 hours you spend in class and 5 hours for personal study time. 

11. Around 60% of the working day enables teachers to teach.

( Source: Scholastic )

With things like breaks, the time between lessons and other activities, teachers spend less time teaching in the classroom than you’d expect. Of course, even more strain is put on teaching, when students fail to listen or are disengaged.

Happy employees are productive employees! And a productive workplace reaps financial benefits. There are lots of ways that employees can make their staff happier, according to time management skills statistics. From engaging staff to offer flexible working, here’s how it all comes together:

12. 2 hours and 11 minutes is the amount of time a UK full-time staff spent procrastinating in 2020.

( Source: Human Resources )

Can you believe it?!

According to statistics on poor time management, employees in the United Kingdom spent about 2 hours procrastinating daily . 

Most people put off work to gossip, daydream, or message others. Surprisingly, men won in all the categories apart from gossiping.

The habit cost UK businesses £2 billion by the end of that year. 

13. 52% of North American employers expect their workers to telecommute in Q1 of 2021. 

( Source: Willis Tower Watson )

Time management statistics show that more than half of North American companies foresee their staff working from home in early 2021 . The pandemic has forced most businesses to adapt to flexible working, and most have taken it in stride.

14. 37% of businesses in North America did not have a flexible working policy in place in 2020.

More than one-third of organizations did not have any formal arrangement for remote working as of 2020. That’s worrying, bearing in mind that businesses lose money every day when their operations are not running. 

There’s some good news:

14 of the enterprises without work-from-home policies created and adopted them last year. That’s a step in the right direction! Hopefully, more companies will follow suit. 

Business owners waste up to a third of their week through low-value activities. Yet many also skip important meals and stop attending a health club after 30 days as indicated by important time management statistics.

15. Owners of micro-businesses wasted about 15 hours on financial admin tasks in 2020.

According to statistics for time management,  entrepreneurs used 19% of their productive time on tasks that accountants/bookkeepers could do for them.

Sole traders had it even rougher, with 31% of their week going to duties in the same area.  

Since these companies contribute a significant amount of money towards GDP, perhaps it’s time for governments to step in. One way out would be to subsidize the services so that they’re more affordable. 

It would also be great if they spread awareness on the benefits of hiring accountants, using accounting technologies, or outsourcing. 

16. On average, staff spent more than 44 minutes on social media every day in 2020. 

( Source: Finances Online )

Time management stats for 2021 shows that employees spend almost an hour on social media daily . Well, that's about 220 minutes from Monday to Friday, or about 3 hours weekly.

17. Between March and June 2020, nearly 3/4s of employees couldn’t strike a work-life balance.

( Source: Effectory )

The virus forced many to work from home. For many, this was a whole new concept.

According to time management statistics, 60% of survey participants had a hard time balancing work and home life during the period. 

Statistics About Time Management and its Effects

If you want to be happier and more productive at work, time management stats suggest that you should get plenty of sleep, set realistic deadlines, and plan your day properly.

Does it really help, though?

Well, let’s see:

18. In 2020, remote workers scored 75 in the Workforce Happiness Index.

Time management and happiness statistics show that people working from home have a Workforce Happiness Index (WHI) of 75. That is just 25 shy of 100.

57% of employees working remotely said they had high job satisfaction . Only 50% of their counterparts who work from offices felt the same. 

19. Those who sleep 7-8 hours each night are happier, more productive, and produce better results.

( Source: Lifehack )

Time management and sleep statistics show that getting a full eight hours of sleep a night does wonder for your working life. Getting more sleep also helps improve your mood.

Don’t believe us?

Tchaikovsky, Thomas Mann, and Beethoven all benefited from healthy and full sleep each night and were all incredibly successful composers!

20. The United States had an average workweek of 41 and a half hours in 2020.

( Source: USA Today )

In 2020, 24/7 Wall Street surveyed 37 OECD countries and found that not all countries follow the 40-hour per week rule.

According to time management and stress statistics, Denmark staff worked the least amount of hours per week (37.2) on average. The country was the most fulfilling place to work, as per respondent feedback. On the other hand, Colombia had the highest amount of work hours per week with 49.8 hours.

The average hours for US workers was 41.5 hours per week . 11% of the survey respondents worked more than 40 hours per week. 

21. 2/3s of employees experienced burnout symptoms in 2020.

( Source: Forbes )

According to time management statistics for 2021, 66% of employees experienced extreme fatigue at some point in their careers. That’s a worrying figure considering its adverse effects on performance and health. 

In the workplace, the happiness of employees is vital and affects their work, according to the latest time management statistics. Ultimately, happy staff are more productive, don’t procrastinate and earn the company more money. In fact, happy workplaces tend to be 31% more productive which can boost sales by as much as 37%.

Take some notes, managers!

Time management apps are always a good idea if you don’t know how else to handle the situation.

So, what about you? Are you a procrastinator in dire need of time management advice or are you Superman?

Deyan Georgiev

Deyan Georgiev

Deyan has been fascinated by technology his whole life. From the first Tetris game all the way to Falcon Heavy. Working for TechJury is like a dream come true, combining both his passions – writing and technology. In his free time (which is pretty scarce, thanks to his three kids), Deyan enjoys traveling and exploring new places. Always with a few chargers and a couple of gadgets in the backpack. He makes mean dizzying Island Paradise cocktails too.

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How Does Homework Help with Time Management

Many experts who provide professional homework help claim that dealing with home assignments regularly helps a student manage their time better. Solving your tasks, you’ll not only increase your knowledge on the needed subjects but also improve your skills with managing time.

How Homework Makes You Manage Your Time Better

If you have a lot of home tasks to deal with, it’s likely that you won’t have the time to procrastinate. You’ll begin your work soon and use the time you have effectively rather than take unnecessarily long breaks after solving each assignment.

Having plenty of home tasks to solve, you might not have the time to engage in all activities that you’ve planned for the day. As a result, you’ll have to learn to prioritize your actions and drop some entertaining activities for the sake of more important things.

Popular site Homework Help Desk confirms that if you regularly deal with different tasks, you’ll be able to calculate how much time you’re likely to spend on each particular homework assignment. This way, you’ll be able to assume how much time your entire set of tasks will take you to complete. As a result, you’ll know how much free time you’ll be left with after your work and will be able to plan your day better.

There are many types of home assignments that a student cannot complete in one day, like creating a research paper, for example. If you learn to manage your time properly and deal with such assignments in time, it’ll greatly help you in the adult life. It’s full of long-term planning.

Time Management Tips: How to Do Your Home Tasks Faster

Getting Help with Homework

A good way to increase your speed of solving home assignments is using the assistance and advice of other sources. Enjoy the quality of professional essay writing services provided by  CustomWritings.com . Here are some other options that you may use:

You may gather a study group consisting of you and several of your classmates. It’s likely that together, you’ll be able to solve even the most difficult tasks rather quickly.

If you have serious difficulties with a particular subject, you may go to a special educational center and sign up for additional courses in it.

Another way to get qualified college homework help is to hire a personal teacher to provide you with lessons in a particular subject.

On the web, you may find a lot of agencies that can complete your home tasks in exchange for payment. You may use this option when you don’t have enough time to work on your tasks by yourself.

As you can see, dealing with home assignments helps you significantly improve your skills with managing time. If you follow the correct guidelines, you’ll be able to complete your work in a very short period of time. To increase the effectiveness of your work, you may also go to different people for help.

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Time spent and time management in homework in elementary school students: A person-centered approach


Background: Based on a person-centered approach, the aim ofthis study is to identify different profiles of students based on the time they spend on homew he differences between them in the amount of homework done and academic achievement.

Method: With a sample of 968 students of Primary Education analysis of latent profiles (LPA) and ANOVA were carried out. Once the student profiles were identified, a MANOVA was conducted to analyze the differences between the motivational profiles in the amount of homework assignments done and in academic achievement.

Results: We differentiated four profiles of students that differentially combine the time they dedicate to their homework and the use they make of that time.

Conclusions: Of the profiles identified, two can be considered more effective (those that manage time better), and two can be classified as less effective (those that manage time worse). The two profiles that best manage the time spent on homework are also those that do the most homework, and have higher academic achievement. Likewise, the two profiles of students who manage time worst are those who do the least homework, and who have lower academic achievement.

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homework and time management statistics

Key Lessons: What Research Says About the Value of Homework

homework and time management statistics

Whether homework helps students — and how much homework is appropriate — has been debated for many years. Homework has been in the headlines again recently and continues to be a topic of controversy, with claims that students and families are suffering under the burden of huge amounts of homework. School board members, educators, and parents may wish to turn to the research for answers to their questions about the benefits and drawbacks of homework. Unfortunately, the research has produced mixed results so far, and more research is needed. Nonetheless, there are some findings that can help to inform decisions about homework. What follows is a summary of the research to date:

There is no conclusive evidence that homework increases student achievement across the board. Some studies show positive effects of homework under certain conditions and for certain students, some show no effects, and some suggest negative effects (Kohn 2006; Trautwein and Koller 2003).

Some studies have shown that older students gain more academic benefits from homework than do younger students, perhaps because younger students have less-effective study habits and are more easily distracted (Cooper 1989; Hoover-Dempsey et al. 2001; Leone and Richards 1989; Muhlenbruck et al. 2000).

Some researchers believe that students from higher-income homes have more resources (such as computers) and receive more assistance with homework, while low-income students may have fewer resources and less assistance and are therefore less likely to complete the homework and reap any related benefits (McDermott, Goldmen and Varenne 1984; Scott-Jones 1984).

Students with learning disabilities can benefit from homework if appropriate supervision and monitoring are provided (Cooper and Nye 1994; Rosenberg 1989).

A national study of the influence of homework on student grades across five ethnic groups found that homework had a stronger impact on Asian American students than on students of other ethnicities (Keith and Benson, 1992).

Certain nonacademic benefits of homework have been shown, especially for younger students. Indeed, some primary-level teachers may assign homework for such benefits, which include learning the importance of responsibility, managing time, developing study habits, and staying with a task until it is completed (Cooper, Robinson and Patall 2006; Corno and Xu 2004; Johnson and Pontius 1989; Warton 2001).

While research on the optimum amount of time students should spend on homework is limited, there are indications that for high school students, 1½ to 2½ hours per night is optimum. Middle school students appear to benefit from smaller amounts (less than 1 hour per night). When students spend more time than this on homework, the positive relationship with student achievement diminishes (Cooper, Robinson, and Patall 2006).

Some research has shown that students who spend more time on homework score higher on measures of achievement and attitude. Studies that have delved more deeply into this topic suggest, however, that the amount of homework assigned by teachers is unrelated to student achievement, while the amount of homework actually completed by students is associated with higher achievement (Cooper 2001; Cooper, Lindsay, Nye, and Greathouse 1998).

Studies of after-school programs that provide homework assistance have found few definite links to improved student achievement. Several studies, however, noted improvements in student motivation and work habits, which may indirectly affect achievement (Cosden, Morrison, Albanese, and Macias 2001; James-Burdumy et al. 2005).

Homework assignments that require interaction between students and parents result in higher levels of parent involvement and are more likely to be turned in than noninteractive assignments. Some studies have shown, however, that parent involvement in homework has no impact on student achievement. Other studies indicate that students whose parents are more involved in their homework have lower test scores and class grades — but this may be because the students were already lower performing and needed more help from their parents than did higher-performing students. (Balli, Wedman, and Demo 1997; Cooper, Lindsay, and Nye 2000; Epstein 1988; Van Voorhis 2003).

Most teachers assign homework to reinforce what was presented in class or to prepare students for new material. Less commonly, homework is assigned to extend student learning to different contexts or to integrate learning by applying multiple skills around a project. Little research exists on the effects of these different kinds of homework on student achievement, leaving policymakers with little evidence on which to base decisions (Cooper 1989; Foyle 1985; Murphy and Decker 1989).

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Balli, S. J., Wedman, J. F., & Demo, D. H. (1997). Family involvement with middle-grades homework: Effects of differential prompting. Journal of Experimental Education, 66, 31-48.

Cooper, H. (1989). Homework. White Plains, N.Y.: Longman.

Cooper, H. (2001). Homework for all — in moderation. Educational Leadership, 58, 34-38.

Cooper, H., Lindsay, J. J, Nye, B., & Greathouse, S. (1998). Relationships among attitudes about homework, amount of homework assigned and completed, and student achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(1), 70-83.

Cooper, H., & Nye, B. (1994). Homework for students with learning disabilities: The implications of research for policy and practice. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 27, 470-479.

Cooper, H., Nye, B.A., & Lindsay, J.J. (2000). Homework in the home: How student, family and parenting style differences relate to the homework process. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25(4), 464-487.

Cooper, H., Robinson, J. C., & Patall, E. A. (2006). Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research. Review of Educational Research, 76, 1-62.

Corno, L., & Xu, J. (2004). Homework as the job of childhood. Theory Into Practice, 43, 227-233.

Cosden, M., Morrison, G., Albanese, A. L., & Macias, S. (2001). When homework is not home work: After-school programs for homework assistance. Educational Psychologist, 36(3), 211-221.

Epstein, J. L. (1998). Homework practices, achievements, and behaviors of elementary school students. Baltimore: Center for Research on Elementary and Middle Schools. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED301322]

Foyle, H. C. (1985). The effects of preparation and practice homework on student achievement in tenth-grade American history (Doctoral dissertation, Kansas State University, 1985). Dissertation Abstracts International, 45, 8A.

Hoover-Dempsey, K. V., Battiato, A. C., Walker, J. M. T., Reed, R. P., DeJong, J. M. & Jones, K. P. (2001). Parental involvement in homework. Educational Psychologist, 36, 195-209.

James-Burdumy, S., Dynarski, M., Moore, M., Deke, J., Mansfield, W., Pistorino, C. & Warner, E. (2005). When Schools Stay Open Late: The National Evaluation of the 21st Century Community Learning Centers Program Final Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education/Institute of Education Sciences National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance.

Johnson, J. K., & Pontius, A. (1989). Homework: A survey of teacher beliefs and practices. Research in Education, 41, 71-78.

Keith, T. Z., & Benson, M. J. (1992). Effects of manipulable influences on high school grades across five ethnic groups. Journal of Educational Research, 86, 85-93.

Kohn, A. (2006, September). Abusing research: The study of homework and other examples. Phi Delta Kappan, 8-22.

Leone, C. M., & Richards, M. H. (1989). Classwork and homework in early adolescence: The ecology of achievement. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 18, 531-548.

McDermott, R. P., Goldman, S. V., & Varenne, H. (1984). When school goes home: Some problems in the organization of homework [Abstract]. Teachers College Record, 85, 391-409.

Muhlenbruck, L., Cooper, H., Nye, B., & Lindsay, J. J. (2000). Homework and achievement: explaining the different strengths of relation at the elementary and secondary school levels. Social Psychology of Education, 3, 295-317.

Murphy, J. & Decker, K. (1989). Teachers' use of homework in high schools. Journal of Educational Research, 82(5), 261-269.

Rosenberg, M. S. (1989). The effects of daily homework assignments on the acquisition of basic skills by students with learning disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 22, 314-323.

Scott-Jones, D. (1984). Family influences on cognitive development and school achievement. Review of Research in Education, 11, 259-304.

Trautwein, U., & Koller, O. (2003). The relationship between homework and achievement — still much of a mystery. Educational Psychology Review, 15, 115-145.

Van Voorhis, F. L. (2003). Interactive homework in middle school: Effects on family involvements and science achievement. Journal of Educational Research, 96(6), 323-338.

Warton, P. M. (2001). The forgotten voice in homework: Views of students. Educational Psychologist, 36, 155-165.

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There are many opinions with regards to Homework, but for me it depends on how a person manage his or her time together with the dedication and perseverance being showed by these people.

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Students Struggle With Time Management. Schools Can Help


When I started teaching, most meetings I had with students had nothing to do with class lessons. They would come into my office, sit down, and whimper, “I’m stressed out, exhausted, and my life is all over the place.” Sometimes bursts of tears would ensue. They aren’t alone: Solid research shows that students feel that society is more and more demanding of them. Mental-health issues in young children and teenagers are on the rise.

Students didn’t come to me because I’m a therapist. Neither had my course anything to do with mental health. They came to me because I’m the time-management guy—I’ve been doing research on time management for years. They came to me because of a simple but insidious assumption: If I can be just a little more productive, everything will be all right.

Why do students think productivity is the answer to their malaise? Because that’s what they’ve been told their whole life. By parents, television, the internet, peers, coaches, and, yes, schools. Schools play a major role in instilling this productivity mindset in young children, according to Vicki Abeles , author of Beyond Measure , a splendid book on how school performance pressures harm students. This mindset, especially in excess, can make students’ relationship with time fraught. If being obsessed with productivity makes students tired, anxious, and depressed, then the way schools think about time is neither conducive to their well-being nor, ironically, to their long-term productivity.

What would it take to make dramatic and effective changes to how schools think about time? Obviously, much of our obsession with productivity does not start with school. Public policies, culture, parents’ socioeconomic background, and a host of other factors play a major role. But historically, schools have been where children learn about time, punctuality, and schedules. Maybe it’s time for schools to use that power to teach students a healthier way to use their time. Here are a few actions school communities can take at a local level.

1. Conduct time-use surveys. We don’t really know what we do with our time until we measure it. That’s why governments around the world have been conducting time-use surveys for decades. These surveys essentially ask people what they do every half-hour or so over a 24-hour period. When we scale this up to a whole population, we get a clearer picture of how people use their time and whether it makes them happy and healthy. That’s how we know, for instance, that people who spend less time watching TV and more time with people are happier than those who do the opposite.

Why do students think productivity is the answer to their malaise? Because that’s what they’ve been told their whole life."

With time-use surveys, schools can better understand where students’ time goes, which is the first step toward tackling time issues. Doing this at a local level is key because time-use patterns will likely change from one school to another, especially for students with different socioeconomic backgrounds.

2. Lower the pressure. It’s far from clear whether, past a certain threshold, homework actually boosts students’ grades. The amount of homework assigned to students has increased a few times in the past—at one point the U.S. government feared students would be outperformed by their Russian counterparts during the Cold War. Whether homework is still increasing is not clear, but one thing is: The American public has been consistently in favor of more homework despite contrary expert opinion. Thankfully, several school districts, including in Hillsborough, Calif., and Somerville, Mass., have implemented reduced-homework policies, although not without resistance. These policies can go a long way toward alleviating students’ unnecessary time pressure.

Another worrying trend is the decline of recess time. The logic here isn’t that different from that of corporate employers: Reduce break times so people will spend more time working and thus boost performance. But that logic isn’t supported by science. Recovery, physical activity, and enjoyment are crucial for school performance and well-being, and that’s what recess is for. Reducing recess means reducing the break time necessary to recover the resources necessary for learning and creativity. Fortunately, many schools are now upping recess time, but it’s not just quantity that matters: How and with whom students enjoy recess time are important as well. (For instance, having more adults present during recess time increases physical play and helps conflict resolution among kids.)

3. Intentionality over productivity. Students today have more ways to spend their time than at any other point in history: watching TV, browsing the Internet, piano lessons, acting classes, community service, football, and countless other activities. We also live in a society that encourages busyness: If you’re not doing something at any given time, you’re a nobody.

Schools, parents, and peers push students to engage in a seemingly infinite number of activities, extracurricular or otherwise. These activities can be important for students’ well-being, but too much can backfire, as research shows .

Not only does overscheduling kids with activities make them miserable, but it also fails to teach them an essential lesson: It is better to do a few things intentionally and deliberately than to crowd one’s schedule with activities. An abundance of activities fails to teach children an even more important skill: focus. Doing too many things inevitably saps our ability to immerse ourselves fully in whatever we’re doing.

Schools can help by talking with parents about what constitutes a reasonable—healthy—amount of extracurricular activities. Schools can also encourage parents to think about “digital policies” to govern the use of digital devices at home and how social media and smartphones should be used responsibly. Most importantly, schools should emphasize un structured time. The more time children spend in unstructured activities, the more they learn how to structure time on their own. Conversely, if you structure all of children’s time, they will fail to learn how to structure their own time. This makes sense—how would you learn self-discipline if you’re never given the opportunity? You can’t teach proper time management to people if you manage all of their time.

Schools are said to prepare children for real life, an often busy and hectic place. But does school conspire in making life busier and more hectic? That’s very likely. By fundamentally reassessing the way they think about time, schools stand to make future adults—a future society—happier, healthier, and more intentional with their time. Schools have been teaching us the importance of being punctual. Maybe they should now teach us the importance of healthy time management.

Follow the Education Week Opinion section on Twitter .

Sign up to get the latest Education Week Opinion in your email inbox. A version of this article appeared in the February 26, 2020 edition of Education Week as It’s Not About Productivity. It’s About Time Management

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The Pros and Cons of Homework


Homework is a word that most students dread hearing. After hours upon hours of sitting in class , the last thing we want is more schoolwork over our precious weekends. While it’s known to be a staple of traditional schooling, homework has also become a rather divise topic. Some feel as though homework is a necessary part of school, while others believe that the time could be better invested. Should students have homework? Have a closer look into the arguments on both sides to decide for yourself.

A college student completely swamped with homework.

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Why should students have homework, 1. homework encourages practice.

Many people believe that one of the positive effects of homework is that it encourages the discipline of practice. While it may be time consuming and boring compared to other activities, repetition is needed to get better at skills. Homework helps make concepts more clear, and gives students more opportunities when starting their career .

2. Homework Gets Parents Involved

Homework can be something that gets parents involved in their children’s lives if the environment is a healthy one. A parent helping their child with homework makes them take part in their academic success, and allows for the parent to keep up with what the child is doing in school. It can also be a chance to connect together.

3. Homework Teaches Time Management

Homework is much more than just completing the assigned tasks. Homework can develop time management skills , forcing students to plan their time and make sure that all of their homework assignments are done on time. By learning to manage their time, students also practice their problem-solving skills and independent thinking. One of the positive effects of homework is that it forces decision making and compromises to be made.

4. Homework Opens A Bridge Of Communication

Homework creates a connection between the student, the teacher, the school, and the parents. It allows everyone to get to know each other better, and parents can see where their children are struggling. In the same sense, parents can also see where their children are excelling. Homework in turn can allow for a better, more targeted educational plan for the student.

5. Homework Allows For More Learning Time

Homework allows for more time to complete the learning process. School hours are not always enough time for students to really understand core concepts, and homework can counter the effects of time shortages, benefiting students in the long run, even if they can’t see it in the moment.

6. Homework Reduces Screen Time

Many students in North America spend far too many hours watching TV. If they weren’t in school, these numbers would likely increase even more. Although homework is usually undesired, it encourages better study habits and discourages spending time in front of the TV. Homework can be seen as another extracurricular activity, and many families already invest a lot of time and money in different clubs and lessons to fill up their children’s extra time. Just like extracurricular activities, homework can be fit into one’s schedule.

A female student who doesn’t want to do homework.

The Other Side: Why Homework Is Bad

1. homework encourages a sedentary lifestyle.

Should students have homework? Well, that depends on where you stand. There are arguments both for the advantages and the disadvantages of homework.

While classroom time is important, playground time is just as important. If children are given too much homework, they won’t have enough playtime, which can impact their social development and learning. Studies have found that those who get more play get better grades in school , as it can help them pay closer attention in the classroom.

Children are already sitting long hours in the classroom, and homework assignments only add to these hours. Sedentary lifestyles can be dangerous and can cause health problems such as obesity. Homework takes away from time that could be spent investing in physical activity.

2. Homework Isn’t Healthy In Every Home

While many people that think homes are a beneficial environment for children to learn, not all homes provide a healthy environment, and there may be very little investment from parents. Some parents do not provide any kind of support or homework help, and even if they would like to, due to personal barriers, they sometimes cannot. Homework can create friction between children and their parents, which is one of the reasons why homework is bad .

3. Homework Adds To An Already Full-Time Job

School is already a full-time job for students, as they generally spend over 6 hours each day in class. Students also often have extracurricular activities such as sports, music, or art that are just as important as their traditional courses. Adding on extra hours to all of these demands is a lot for children to manage, and prevents students from having extra time to themselves for a variety of creative endeavors. Homework prevents self discovery and having the time to learn new skills outside of the school system. This is one of the main disadvantages of homework.

4. Homework Has Not Been Proven To Provide Results

Endless surveys have found that homework creates a negative attitude towards school, and homework has not been found to be linked to a higher level of academic success.

The positive effects of homework have not been backed up enough. While homework may help some students improve in specific subjects, if they have outside help there is no real proof that homework makes for improvements.

It can be a challenge to really enforce the completion of homework, and students can still get decent grades without doing their homework. Extra school time does not necessarily mean better grades — quality must always come before quantity.

Accurate practice when it comes to homework simply isn’t reliable. Homework could even cause opposite effects if misunderstood, especially since the reliance is placed on the student and their parents — one of the major reasons as to why homework is bad. Many students would rather cheat in class to avoid doing their homework at home, and children often just copy off of each other or from what they read on the internet.

5. Homework Assignments Are Overdone

The general agreement is that students should not be given more than 10 minutes a day per grade level. What this means is that a first grader should be given a maximum of 10 minutes of homework, while a second grader receives 20 minutes, etc. Many students are given a lot more homework than the recommended amount, however.

On average, college students spend as much as 3 hours per night on homework . By giving too much homework, it can increase stress levels and lead to burn out. This in turn provides an opposite effect when it comes to academic success.

The pros and cons of homework are both valid, and it seems as though the question of ‘‘should students have homework?’ is not a simple, straightforward one. Parents and teachers often are found to be clashing heads, while the student is left in the middle without much say.

It’s important to understand all the advantages and disadvantages of homework, taking both perspectives into conversation to find a common ground. At the end of the day, everyone’s goal is the success of the student.

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The way u.s. teens spend their time is changing, but differences between boys and girls persist.

homework and time management statistics

Teens today are spending their time differently than they did a decade ago. They’re devoting more time to sleep and homework, and less time to paid work and socializing. But what has not changed are the differences between teen boys and girls in time spent on leisure, grooming, homework, housework and errands, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics data.

More sleep and homework, less socializing and paid work for teens today

Teens are also getting more shut-eye than they did in the past. They are clocking an average of over nine and a half hours of sleep a night, an increase of 22 minutes compared with teens a decade ago and almost an hour more than those in the mid-1990s. Sleep patterns fluctuate quite a bit – on weekends, teens average about 11 hours, while on weekdays they typically get just over nine hours a night. (While these findings are derived from time diaries in which respondents record the amount of time they slept on the prior night, results from other types of surveys suggest teens are getting fewer hours of sleep .) 

Teens now enjoy more than five and a half hours of leisure a day (5 hours, 44 minutes). The biggest chunk of teens’ daily leisure time is spent on screens: 3 hours and 4 minutes on average. This figure, which can include time spent gaming, surfing the web, watching videos and watching TV, has held steady over the past decade. On weekends, screen time increases to almost four hours a day (3 hours, 53 minutes), and on weekdays teens are spending 2 hours and 44 minutes on screens.

A day in the life of a U.S. teen

Time spent by teens in other leisure activities has declined. Over the past decade, the time spent socializing – including attending parties, extracurriculars, sporting or other entertainment events as well as spending time with others in person or on the phone – has dropped by 16 minutes, to 1 hour and 13 minutes a day.

Teens also are spending less time on paid work during the school year than their predecessors: 26 minutes a day, on average, compared with 49 minutes about a decade ago and 57 minutes in the mid-1990s. Much of this decline reflects the fact that teens are less likely to work today than in the past; among employed teens, the amount of time spent working is not much different now than it was around 2005.

While the way teens overall spend their time has changed in a number of ways, persistent gender differences in time use remain. Teen boys are spending an average of about six hours a day in leisure time, compared with roughly five hours a day for girls – driven largely by the fact that boys are spending about an hour (58 minutes) more a day than girls engaged in screen time. Boys also spend more time playing sports: 59 minutes vs. 33 minutes for girls.

Boys and girls differ in how they spend their time

Teen girls also spend more time than boys on grooming activities, such as bathing, getting dressed, getting haircuts, and other activities related to their hygiene and appearance. Girls spend an average of about an hour a day on these types of tasks (1 hour, 3 minutes); boys spend 40 minutes on them.

Girls also devote 21 more minutes a day to homework than boys do – 71 minutes vs. 50 minutes, on average, during the school year. This pattern has held steady over the past decade, as the amount of time spent on homework has risen equally for boys and girls.

The daily life of teen boys and girls

Girls also spend more time running errands, such as shopping for groceries (21 minutes vs. 11 minutes for boys).

In addition to these differences in how they spend their time, the way boys and girls feel about their day also differs in some key ways. A new survey by Pew Research Center of teens ages 13 to 17 finds that 36% of girls say they feel tense or nervous about their day every or almost every day; 23% of boys say the same. At the same time, girls are more likely than boys to say they get excited daily or almost daily by something they study in school (33% vs. 21%). And while similar shares of boys and girls say they feel a lot of pressure to get good grades, be involved in extracurricular activities or fit in socially, girls are more likely than boys to say they face a lot of pressure to look good (35% vs. 23%).

This analysis is based primarily on time diary data from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS), which has been sponsored by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and annually conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau since 2003. The ATUS produces a nationally representative sample of respondents, drawn from the Current Population Survey.

Most of the analyses are based on respondents in the 2003-2006 and the 2014-2017 ATUS samples (referred to in the text as “2005” and “2015”). Data regarding time use in the mid-1990s is based on 1992-1994 data from the American Heritage Time Use Survey (AHTUS). For all time points, multiple years of data were combined in order to increase sample size. Because time use among teens can vary so much between the summer and the school year, only data for September through June are used for these analyses. Although focused on the school year, the data also reflect time use during school holidays, such as spring break.

These time diaries track in detail how Americans spend their time, focusing on each respondent’s primary activity (i.e., the main thing they were doing) sequentially for the prior day, including the start and end times for each activity.

All data were accessed via the ATUS-X website made available through IPUMS .

Time use activity classifications

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About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts .

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Time Management: 10 Strategies for Better Time Management

The term Time Management is a misnomer. You cannot manage time; you manage the events in your life in relation to time. You may often wish for more time, but you only get 24 hours, 1,440 minutes, or 86,400 seconds each day. How you use that time depends on skills learned through self-analysis, planning, evaluation, and self-control. Much like money, time is both valuable and limited. It must be protected, used wisely, and budgeted.

People working and moving around a large clock.

Finding a time management strategy that works best for you depends on your personality, ability to self-motivate, and level of self-discipline. By incorporating some, or all the ten strategies below, you can more effectively manage your time.

1. Know How You Spend Your Time

A time log is a helpful way to determine how you use your time. Record what you are doing in 15-minute intervals for a week or two. Evaluate the results:

Identifying your most time-consuming tasks and determining whether you are investing your time in the most important activities can help you to determine a course of action. Having a good sense of the time required for routine tasks can help you be more realistic in planning and estimating how much time is available for other activities. Many apps exist to help you keep track of your time, as mentioned in Strategy 3.

2. Set Priorities

Managing your time effectively requires a distinction between what is important and what is urgent (MacKenzie, 1990). Experts agree that the most important tasks usually aren’t the most urgent tasks. However, we tend to let the urgent tasks dominate our lives. Covey, Merrill, and Merrill (1994) categorize activities into four quadrants in their Time Management Matrix: urgent, not urgent, important, and not important. While activities that are both urgent and important must be done, Covey et al. suggests spending less time on activities that are not important (regardless of their urgency) to gain time for activities that are not urgent but important. Focusing on these important activities allows you to gain greater control over your time and may reduce the number of important tasks that become urgent.

Creating a "to do” list is an easy way to prioritize. Whether you need a daily, weekly, or monthly list depends on your lifestyle. Be careful to keep list-making from getting out of control. List manageable tasks rather than goals or multi-step plans. Rank the items on your “to do” list in order of priority (both important and urgent). You may choose to group items in categories such as high priority, medium priority, or low priority; number them in order of priority; or use a color-coding system. The goal is not to mark off the most items, but to mark off the highest priority items (MacKenzie, 1990). A prioritized “to do” list allows you to set boundaries so you can say “no” to activities that may be interesting or provide a sense of achievement but do not fit your basic priorities.

3. Use a Planning Tool

People constructing a tower of blocks reading

When using a planning tool:

Apps on your phone can be great planning tools. Apps typically fall into one of the following categories:

4. Get Organized

Disorganization leads to poor time management. Research has shown that clutter has a strong negative impact on perceived well-being (Roster, 2016). To improve your time management, get organized.

Set up three boxes (or corners of a room) labeled "Keep," "Give Away," and "Toss." Sort items into these boxes. Discard items in your “Toss” box. Your "Give Away" box may include items you want to sell, donate, or discard.

The next step is to improve the time you spend processing information. For example, tasks such as email can eat up your day. To combat wasted time, implement an email organization system that allows you to process the information in each email as efficiently as possible. Use folders, flagging, or a color-coded system to keep track of what’s what.

5. Schedule Appropriately

Scheduling is more than just recording what must be done (e.g., meetings and appointments). Be sure to build in time for the things you want to do. Effective scheduling requires you to know yourself. Your time log should help you to identify times when you are most productive and alert. Plan your most challenging tasks for when you have the most energy. Block out time for your high priority activities first and protect that time from interruptions.

Schedule small tasks such as drafting an email, creating a grocery shopping list, reading, watching webinars or listening to podcasts for long commutes or when waiting for a call or appointment. Capitalize on what would otherwise be time lost. Avoid nonproductive activities, such as playing games or scrolling through social media. Limit scheduled time to about three-fourths of your day to allow for creative activities such as planning, dreaming, and thinking.

6. Delegate: Get Help from Others

Delegating means assigning responsibility for a task to someone else, freeing up your time for tasks that require your expertise. Identify tasks others can do and select the appropriate person(s) to do them. Select someone with the appropriate skills, experience, interest, and authority needed to accomplish the task. Be specific. Define the task and your expectations while allowing the person some freedom to personalize the task. Check how well the person is progressing periodically and provide any assistance, being careful not to take over the responsibility. Finally, reward the person for a job well done or make suggestions for improvements if needed. (Dodd and Sundheim, 2005). Another way to get help is to “buy” time by obtaining goods or services that save time. For example, paying someone to mow your lawn or clean your house, or joining a carpool for your children’s extracurricular activities frees time for other activities. The time-savings from hiring someone for specialized projects is often worth the cost.

7. Stop Procrastinating

People put off tasks for a variety of reasons. Perhaps the task seems overwhelming or unpleasant. To help stop procrastination, consider “eating the big frog first.” A quote commonly attributed to Mark Twain says, “If it’s your job to eat a frog today, it’s best to do it first thing in the morning. And if it’s your job to eat two frogs, it’s best to eat the big frog first.” Unpleasant tasks we procrastinate completing are “big frogs.” Complete these tasks as your first action of the day to get them out of the way. Another option is to “snowball” your tasks by breaking them down into smaller segments, completing preparatory tasks, and eventually completing the larger task at hand. Whether you choose the “big frog first” or “snowball” method, try building in a reward system for completed tasks to help stay motivated.

8. Manage Time-Wasters

Reduce or eliminate time spent in these activities by implementing some simple tips.

Handheld Devices

Unexpected Visitors

In-Person and Virtual Meetings

Family Obligations

9. Avoid Multi-tasking

Psychological studies have shown that multi-tasking does not save time. In fact, the opposite is often true. You lose time when switching from one task to another, resulting in a loss of productivity (Rubinsteim, Meyer, and Evans, 2001). Routine multi-tasking may lead to difficulty in concentrating and maintaining focus. Do your best to focus on just one task at a time by keeping your area clear of distractions, including turning off notifications on your devices, and set aside dedicated time for specific tasks.

10. Stay Healthy

The care and attention you give yourself is an important investment of time. Scheduling time to relax or do nothing helps you rejuvenate physically and mentally, enabling you to accomplish tasks more quickly and easily. Be sure to monitor your screen time as a part of your digital well-being, setting boundaries to stay healthy. A study conducted by Google showed that four out of five study participants who took steps to improve their digital well-being believe their overall well-being was positively impacted as well (Google, 2019). To improve your digital well-being, set time limits or utilizing built-in software on electronic devices such as phones and tablets to help maintain your digital wellness. Blue light blockers and grayscale mode may also help you improve your digital well-being. Set a time each night to shut off all digital devices to give your mind time to relax; this can also help improve your sleep schedule.

Unfortunately, poor time management and too much screen time can result in fatigue, moodiness, and more frequent illness. To reduce stress, reward yourself for time management successes. Take time to recognize that you have accomplished a major task or challenge before moving on to the next activity.

Whatever time management strategies you use, take time to evaluate how they have worked for you. Do you have a healthy balance between work and home life? Are you accomplishing the tasks that are most important in your life? Are you investing enough time in your own personal well being? If the answer is “no” to any of these questions, then reevaluate your time management strategies and transition to ones that will work better for you. Successful time management leads to greater personal happiness, more accomplishments at home and at work, and a more satisfying future.

Updated by: Roxie Price, University of Georgia Extension Dana Carney, University of Georgia Extension Rachael Clews, K-State Research and Extension

Originally written by: Sue W. Chapman Michael Rupured

Covey, S. R., Merrill, A. R., & Merrill, R. R. (1994). First Things First: To Live, to Love, to Learn, to Leave a Legacy. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Dodd, P., & Sundheim, D. (2005). The 25 Best Time Management Tools and Techniques: How to Get More Done Without Driving Yourself Crazy. Ann Arbor, MI: Peak Performance Press, Inc.

Google, Global (DE, ES, FR, IT, PL, U.K., U.S.), “Digital Wellbeing Survey,” General population, 18+ years, n=97–1,401, 2019. https://www.thinkwithgoogle.com/feature/digital-wellbeing-statistics

MacKenzie, A. (1990). The Time Trap (3rd ed.). New York: American Management Association.

Roster, C., Ferrari, J., & Jurkat, M. (2016, March 16). The dark side of home: Assessing possession ‘clutter’ on subjective well-being. Journal of Environmental Psychology.

Rubinsteim, J., Meyer, D. & Evans, J. (2001). Executive control of cognitive processes in task switching. Journal of Experimental Psychology – Human Perception and Performance, 27(4), 763-797

Status and Revision History Published with Full Review on Apr 25, 2014 Published with Minor Revisions on Aug 26, 2020

Nord Anglia Education

Why is Homework Important?

homework and time management statistics

Why is Homework Important? Homework can be a divisive topic. In this article, we will discuss why it’s important and how it helps with your child’s development.

There is a strong connection between regularly completing homework and higher accomplishments in subjects such as English, Maths and Science. The Department of Education in the United Kingdom advises that spending time doing homework brings several benefits, more so for the students who put in two to three hours a night. Understanding the value of homework can help increase motivation and productivity. In this article, we’ll help you understand why homework is important and discuss all its benefits for both children and parents.

Benefits of Homework

Homework is important because it develops core skills in young children that will serve them throughout school and working life. Improved grades, discipline, time management, using resources and improving communication are all vital life skills that will open the door to unique opportunities and help children find success in their careers. Doing regular homework should be considered as an investment in your child’s future.

Through encouraging regular homework and supporting your child with their assignments, you can expect to see the following advantages:

1. Discipline of Practice

Repeating a task multiple times can feel arduous, but it’s necessary to help increase your child’s skill and understanding of a subject. Regular homework will make certain concepts easier to understand and put them in an advantageous position should they seek a vocational career.

2. Time Management Skills

Homework goes beyond just the task itself; it helps children take control of their workload and increase their time management skills. Homework is set with a deadline and taking ownership of this deadline helps them think independently and develop problem-solving skills. This is a prime example of why homework is important because time management is a vital life skill that helps children throughout higher education and their careers.

3. Communication Network

Homework acts as a bridge and can help teachers and parents learn more about how students like to learn, providing a deeper understanding of how to approach their learning and development. Many parents also want their child to receive homework so they can understand what they’re learning at school.

4. Comfortable Work Environment

Some children struggle to learn outside of their comfort zone, and while classrooms are designed to be warm and welcoming, there is often no place like home. Homework is an opportunity to learn and retain information in an environment where they feel most comfortable, which can help accelerate their development.

5. Using Learning Materials

Throughout a child’s education, understanding how to use resources such as libraries and the internet is important. Homework teaches children to actively search for information using these resources to complete tasks, and this is a skill that will be fundamental throughout their lives.

6. Revision Discipline

Regular homework helps children discover a pattern that will help them when they’re required to study for important tests and exams. Children who are familiar with a routine of completing homework will find it easy to adapt to a schedule of doing regular revision at home. Skills such as accessing learning materials, time management, and discipline will help improve how children revise, and ultimately, improve their grades.

7. Additional Time to Learn

Children learn at different paces, and the time spent in the classroom might not be enough for some students to fully grasp the key concepts of a subject. Having additional time for learning at home can help children gain a deeper understanding than they would if they were solely reliant on their time in school. Homework is important because it gives parents and children the freedom and the time to focus on subjects that they may be struggling with. This extra time can make a big difference when it comes to exams and grades.

Helping Your Child With Homework

We’ve discussed why it is important to do regular homework, but children may still find it difficult to stay motivated. Parents can play an important role in supporting their child with homework, so here are some of the ways you can help.

1. Homework-friendly Area

Having a dedicated space for children to do homework will help them stay focused. Make sure it is well-lit and stocked with everything they’ll need for their assignments.

2. Routine Study Time

A regular routine helps children get used to working at home. Some children work best in the morning, while others may prefer the afternoon. Work out a routine where your child is their most productive.

3. Make Sure They’re Learning

Homework is important, but only if children use this time to learn. If you do the work for them, they’re not going to see any of the benefits we listed above. It’s important you’re there to support and help them understand the work, so they can do it themselves.

4. Praise Work and Effort

Recognising the hard work that they’re putting in and praising them for it is a great way to get children to respond positively to homework. Pin their impressive test grades up in their homeworking space or around the house for extra motivation.

5. Make a Plan

Children can get overwhelmed if they have a lot of work to do. On homework-heavy nights, help them make a plan and break down the work into sections. This will help make the work more manageable. If your child responds well to this, you could do this each time they sit down to do work at home.

Understanding why homework is important and oftentimes necessary helps improve both motivation and productivity in young children. It also makes parents aware of the role they can play in supporting them. At Nord Anglia Education, we focus on bringing children, parents, and teachers together in a common effort to improve student learning through homework. You can learn more about our schools and the curriculum we teach by exploring our schools .

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homework and time management statistics

Homework Assignments

Your homework advisor.

Most parents are in a tug of war with their children because of homework. While they want their kids to prioritize schoolwork, many other things are more exciting. The young generation is thinking about cell phones, instant communication, video games, and many other things that are full of fun.

Homework Is Important

However, it is possible to let students realize that they can become better people if they embrace school assignments. Let’s face it; it is becoming extremely tough to convince children that they have to do their tasks. Here are some of the top benefits of homework.

homework and time management statistics

How Homework Benefits Students?

Homework improves time management skills Managing time is one of the challenges that students face. When they are in a classroom, the teacher keeps tabs with their activities and therefore, they do not have to worry about time management. However, this skill is critical in every aspect of their lives, and consequently, they need assignments to help them develop. When you are working alone, you know how to plan your work. MyHomeworkdone is a trusted company that can help.

Homework teaches you how to prioritize your tasks There are many things that a student needs to attend to when they get home. Some of them have chores to complete despite having homework to accomplish. Therefore, when they find a way to set their priority list so that they attend to the most critical tasks on time, they will become better people. This result also means that they will know how important it is to work on their assignments.

Homework helps teachers to assess students According to homework benefits statistics, teachers may not know if their students understand everything they teach. This situation is more likely to happen when the class consists of too many leaners. In such a case, giving children a set of question to solve individually helps a teacher to know those who understood and those who missed the point. The teacher will then have an easy task assisting individual students.

It helps parents to understand what their child is studying Parents have a desire to know what their children learn at school, and this is one of the benefits of homework research. Looking at their writings alone may not be enough to understand everything. You need to see how they solve problems to know that they are now learning. For instance, parents can help their children to solve math problems and find out how much their children know.

It teaches you how to work independently Nowadays, employers are looking for workers who can work without supervision. This requirement is a skill that you child should nature from an early age. When they can come home from school, set aside a few minutes, and solve their homework without any help, you know that they are learning how to work independently.

The homework debate can go on forever as long as some students do not realize the importance of assignments. Once they embrace it, they will understand that their courses are not as challenging as they think, and they will score high grades.


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  10. Homework Pros and Cons

    Research by the City University of New York noted that "students who engage in self-regulatory processes while completing homework," such as goal-setting, time management, and remaining focused, "are generally more motivated and are higher achievers than those who do not use these processes." [ 18]

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  19. Why is Homework Important?

    Time Management Skills Homework goes beyond just the task itself; it helps children take control of their workload and increase their time management skills. Homework is set with a deadline and taking ownership of this deadline helps them think independently and develop problem-solving skills.

  20. How Students Can Gain From Continuous School Assignments

    Homework improves time management skills. Managing time is one of the challenges that students face. When they are in a classroom, the teacher keeps tabs with their activities and therefore, they do not have to worry about time management. However, this skill is critical in every aspect of their lives, and consequently, they need assignments to ...